Novel Function of Metallothionein in Photoprotection: Metallothionein-Null Mouse Exhibits Reduced Tolerance Against Ultraviolet B Injury in the Skin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1998-10

AUTHORS

Katsumi Hanada, Daisuke Sawamura, Katsuto Tamai, Takako Baba, Isao Hashimoto, Tsutomu Muramatsu, Nobuhiko Miura, Akira Naganuma

ABSTRACT

We have shown previously that injection of cadmium chloride (Cd2+) depletes the number of ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced sunburn cells in the mouse skin in vivo, and that Cd2+ treatment enhances UVB resistance in cultured keratinocytes in vitro, indicating the photoprotective role of Cd2+-induced metallothioneins (MT) with antioxidant property against UVB injury; however, there has been no direct evidence for the role of MT in UV protection. To improve our understanding of MT in photoprotection, MT-null mouse deficient in its MT-1 and MT-2 genes was studied. Skin explants were preliminarily exposed to medium alone, Cd2+ and Cd2+ plus buthionine S,R-sulfoximine, an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis. We then compared the number of UVB-induced sunburn cells and apoptotic cells in the epidermis of MT-null mice with that of control mice using organ culture systems. The skin of MT-null mice developed a greater number of sunburn cells and apoptotic cells than did that of normal mice in all experimental conditions. These findings indicate that the skin of MT-null mouse is readily injured by UVB irradiation. MT-null mouse provided direct evidence of the photoprotective effect of cellular MT in the skin. More... »

PAGES

582-585

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00342.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00342.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005374471

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9764836


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48 schema:description We have shown previously that injection of cadmium chloride (Cd2+) depletes the number of ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced sunburn cells in the mouse skin in vivo, and that Cd2+ treatment enhances UVB resistance in cultured keratinocytes in vitro, indicating the photoprotective role of Cd2+-induced metallothioneins (MT) with antioxidant property against UVB injury; however, there has been no direct evidence for the role of MT in UV protection. To improve our understanding of MT in photoprotection, MT-null mouse deficient in its MT-1 and MT-2 genes was studied. Skin explants were preliminarily exposed to medium alone, Cd2+ and Cd2+ plus buthionine S,R-sulfoximine, an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis. We then compared the number of UVB-induced sunburn cells and apoptotic cells in the epidermis of MT-null mice with that of control mice using organ culture systems. The skin of MT-null mice developed a greater number of sunburn cells and apoptotic cells than did that of normal mice in all experimental conditions. These findings indicate that the skin of MT-null mouse is readily injured by UVB irradiation. MT-null mouse provided direct evidence of the photoprotective effect of cellular MT in the skin.
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