Association of testicular undescent induced by prenatal flutamide treatment with thickening of the cremaster muscle in rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-09

AUTHORS

Yoshiharu Matsuno, Masatoshi Komiyama, Toyofusa Tobe, Naoji Toyota, Tetsuya Adachi, Chisato Mori

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Previously, in cryptorchid rats, which were induced by prenatal exposure to flutamide, we found a thickening of the cremaster muscle. This study was undertaken to quantify the increase of the cremaster muscle thickness in the cryptorchid rats, and to examine its possible relationship with the proliferation of muscle cells. Methods: To obtain cryptorchid rats, pregnant Wistar rats were subcutaneously injected with flutamide (100 mg/kg per day) during gestational days 16-17. Serial sections of the scrotum, containing the testis and cremaster muscle, were prepared from the control and cryptorchid rats that were 2-6 weeks of age, and stained with hematoxylin-eosin for morphometry, or stained with antibody against the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) to analyze the cell proliferation ability. Results: The thickened cremaster muscle was always associated with cryptorchid testis and, in the case of unilateral cryptorchidism, the cremaster muscle of the contralateral (descended testis) side exhibited normal thickness. The average thickness of the affected cremaster muscle was 0.80 and 1.89 mm at 4 and 6 weeks of age, respectively, although that of the normal muscle was 0.28 and 0.33 mm at the same time period, respectively. Conclusion: Our results showed that the cremaster muscle of the cryptorchid rats was significantly thicker than that of the control rats. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed that a thickened cremaster muscle contained many PCNA-positive nuclei even at 4 weeks of age, in contrast to the control, which had only a few positive nuclei. Our present study indicates that continuous proliferation of the muscle cells associated with cryptorchid testis increases the thickness of cremaster cells in rats exposed to flutamide prenatally. (Reprod Med Biol 2003; 2: 109-113). More... »

PAGES

109

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1445-5781.2003.00026.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1445-5781.2003.00026.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005659574

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29699173


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