Kinetics of inflammatory cytokines in the clearance of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae from the lung View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1998-12

AUTHORS

A Ruth Foxwell, Jennelle M Kyd, Allan W Cripps

ABSTRACT

Levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma were measured from the time of infection to the time of complete clearance of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) from the lung in immune and non-immune rats. Mucosal immunization facilitated production of significant levels of TNF-alpha as early as 30 min post-pulmonary challenge with NTHi in immune animals. Following the peak at 2 h, rapid decline of TNF-alpha levels occurred from the alveolar spaces. Levels of TNF-alpha in non-immunized animals increased at a slower rate, peaked at a lower concentration and were slower to decline. The significantly larger number of macrophages seen in the immune animals at 1 h after bacterial challenge could partially account for the higher levels of TNF-alpha. Interferon-gamma was not detected in immune or non-immune rats at any time point before NTHi clearance after pulmonary challenge. Study of the kinetics of TNF-alpha release demonstrates that immunized animals control the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines more effectively than non-immunized animals for enhanced clearance of bacterial infection from the lungs. More... »

PAGES

icb199873

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1440-1711.1998.00771.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1711.1998.00771.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005998407

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9893034


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