Genome-wide meta-analyses of smoking behaviors in African Americans View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-05

AUTHORS

S P David, A Hamidovic, G K Chen, A W Bergen, J Wessel, J L Kasberger, W M Brown, S Petruzella, E L Thacker, Y Kim, M A Nalls, G J Tranah, Y J Sung, C B Ambrosone, D Arnett, E V Bandera, D M Becker, L Becker, S I Berndt, L Bernstein, W J Blot, U Broeckel, S G Buxbaum, N Caporaso, G Casey, S J Chanock, S L Deming, W R Diver, C B Eaton, D S Evans, M K Evans, M Fornage, N Franceschini, T B Harris, B E Henderson, D G Hernandez, B Hitsman, J J Hu, S C Hunt, S A Ingles, E M John, R Kittles, S Kolb, L N Kolonel, L Le Marchand, Y Liu, K K Lohman, B McKnight, R C Millikan, A Murphy, C Neslund-Dudas, S Nyante, M Press, B M Psaty, D C Rao, S Redline, J L Rodriguez-Gil, B A Rybicki, L B Signorello, A B Singleton, J Smoller, B Snively, B Spring, J L Stanford, S S Strom, G E Swan, K D Taylor, M J Thun, A F Wilson, J S Witte, Y Yamamura, L R Yanek, K Yu, W Zheng, R G Ziegler, A B Zonderman, E Jorgenson, C A Haiman, H Furberg

ABSTRACT

The identification and exploration of genetic loci that influence smoking behaviors have been conducted primarily in populations of the European ancestry. Here we report results of the first genome-wide association study meta-analysis of smoking behavior in African Americans in the Study of Tobacco in Minority Populations Genetics Consortium (n = 32,389). We identified one non-coding single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs2036527[A]) on chromosome 15q25.1 associated with smoking quantity (cigarettes per day), which exceeded genome-wide significance (β = 0.040, s.e. = 0.007, P = 1.84 × 10(-8)). This variant is present in the 5'-distal enhancer region of the CHRNA5 gene and defines the primary index signal reported in studies of the European ancestry. No other SNP reached genome-wide significance for smoking initiation (SI, ever vs never smoking), age of SI, or smoking cessation (SC, former vs current smoking). Informative associations that approached genome-wide significance included three modestly correlated variants, at 15q25.1 within PSMA4, CHRNA5 and CHRNA3 for smoking quantity, which are associated with a second signal previously reported in studies in European ancestry populations, and a signal represented by three SNPs in the SPOCK2 gene on chr10q22.1. The association at 15q25.1 confirms this region as an important susceptibility locus for smoking quantity in men and women of African ancestry. Larger studies will be needed to validate the suggestive loci that did not reach genome-wide significance and further elucidate the contribution of genetic variation to disparities in cigarette consumption, SC and smoking-attributable disease between African Americans and European Americans. More... »

PAGES

e119

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Translational Psychiatry

    ISSUE

    5

    VOLUME

    2

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/tp.2012.41

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.41

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024320281

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22832964


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