Transparent polycrystalline cubic silicon nitride View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Norimasa Nishiyama, Ryo Ishikawa, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Hauke Marquardt, Alexander Kurnosov, Takashi Taniguchi, Byung-Nam Kim, Hidehiro Yoshida, Atsunobu Masuno, Jozef Bednarcik, Eleonora Kulik, Yuichi Ikuhara, Fumihiro Wakai, Tetsuo Irifune

ABSTRACT

Glasses and single crystals have traditionally been used as optical windows. Recently, there has been a high demand for harder and tougher optical windows that are able to endure severe conditions. Transparent polycrystalline ceramics can fulfill this demand because of their superior mechanical properties. It is known that polycrystalline ceramics with a spinel structure in compositions of MgAl2O4 and aluminum oxynitride (γ-AlON) show high optical transparency. Here we report the synthesis of the hardest transparent spinel ceramic, i.e. polycrystalline cubic silicon nitride (c-Si3N4). This material shows an intrinsic optical transparency over a wide range of wavelengths below its band-gap energy (258 nm) and is categorized as one of the third hardest materials next to diamond and cubic boron nitride (cBN). Since the high temperature metastability of c-Si3N4 in air is superior to those of diamond and cBN, the transparent c-Si3N4 ceramic can potentially be used as a window under extremely severe conditions. More... »

PAGES

44755

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep44755

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep44755

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084132632

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28303948


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281 schema:name Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1-1E-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8500, Japan.
282 Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2-5 Bukyo-cho, Matsuyama, 790-8577, Japan.
283 Laboratory for Materials and Structures, Tokyo Institute of Technology, R3-23, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, 226-8503, Japan.
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286 schema:name Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany.
287 Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607, Hamburg, Germany.
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290 schema:name Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607, Hamburg, Germany.
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