How a life-like system emerges from a simplistic particle motion law View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-11-30

AUTHORS

Thomas Schmickl, Martin Stefanec, Karl Crailsheim

ABSTRACT

Self-structuring patterns can be observed all over the universe, from galaxies to molecules to living matter, yet their emergence is waiting for full understanding. We discovered a simple motion law for moving and interacting self-propelled particles leading to a self-structuring, self-reproducing and self-sustaining life-like system. The patterns emerging within this system resemble patterns found in living organisms. The emergent cells we found show a distinct life cycle and even create their own ecosystem from scratch. These structures grow and reproduce on their own, show self-driven behavior and interact with each other. Here we analyze the macroscopic properties of the emerging ecology, as well as the microscopic properties of the mechanism that leads to it. Basic properties of the emerging structures (size distributions, longevity) are analyzed as well as their resilience against sensor or actuation noise. Finally, we explore parameter space for potential other candidates of life. The generality and simplicity of the motion law provokes the thought that one fundamental rule, described by one simple equation yields various structures in nature: it may work on different time- and size scales, ranging from the self-structuring universe, to emergence of living beings, down to the emergent subatomic formation of matter. More... »

PAGES

37969

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep37969

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep37969

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031310654

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27901107


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