Air exposure of coral is a significant source of dimethylsulfide (DMS) to the atmosphere View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-10-31

AUTHORS

Frances E. Hopkins, Thomas G. Bell, Mingxi Yang, David J. Suggett, Michael Steinke

ABSTRACT

Corals are prolific producers of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP). High atmospheric concentrations of the DMSP breakdown product dimethylsulfide (DMS) have been linked to coral reefs during low tides. DMS is a potentially key sulfur source to the tropical atmosphere, but DMS emission from corals during tidal exposure is not well quantified. Here we show that gas phase DMS concentrations (DMSgas) increased by an order of magnitude when three Indo-Pacific corals were exposed to air in laboratory experiments. Upon re-submersion, an additional rapid rise in DMSgas was observed, reflecting increased production by the coral and/or dissolution of DMS-rich mucus formed by the coral during air exposure. Depletion in DMS following re-submersion was likely due to biologically-driven conversion of DMS to dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Fast Repetition Rate fluorometry showed downregulated photosynthesis during air exposure but rapid recovery upon re-submersion, suggesting that DMS enhances coral tolerance to oxidative stress during a process that can induce photoinhibition. We estimate that DMS emission from exposed coral reefs may be comparable in magnitude to emissions from other marine DMS hotspots. Coral DMS emission likely comprises a regular and significant source of sulfur to the tropical marine atmosphere, which is currently unrecognised in global DMS emission estimates and Earth System Models. More... »

PAGES

36031

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-04-27. The distribution of dimethylsulfoniopropionate in tropical Pacific coral reef invertebrates in CORAL REEFS
  • 2002-07. An antioxidant function for DMSP and DMS in marine algae in NATURE
  • 2013-10-23. DMSP biosynthesis by an animal and its role in coral thermal stress response in NATURE
  • 2015-12-02. Limits to the thermal tolerance of corals adapted to a highly fluctuating, naturally extreme temperature environment in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2016-02-15. Rapid Hydrogen Peroxide release from the coral Stylophora pistillata during feeding and in response to chemical and physical stimuli in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2016-01-22. Dimethyl sulfide and other biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from branching coral and reef seawater: potential sources of secondary aerosol over the Great Barrier Reef in JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
  • 2012-03-09. Effect of elevated pCO2 on the production of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in two species of Ulva (Chlorophyceae) in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2013-12-12. A bacterial pathogen uses dimethylsulfoniopropionate as a cue to target heat-stressed corals in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2011-02-02. Do fluctuating temperature environments elevate coral thermal tolerance? in CORAL REEFS
  • 2004-03. Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem in NATURE
  • 1997-07. Photosynthesis, respiration and calcification of a zooxanthellate scleractinian coral under submerged and exposed conditions in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2007-03-06. Coral mortality following extreme low tides and high solar radiation in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep36031

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep36031

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045687756

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27796323


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