Toxic effects of the neem oil (Azadirachta indica) formulation on the stink bug predator, Podisus nigrispinus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09

AUTHORS

José Cola Zanuncio, Sheila Abreu Mourão, Luis Carlos Martínez, Carlos Frederico Wilcken, Francisco S. Ramalho, Angelica Plata-Rueda, Marcus Alvarenga Soares, José Eduardo Serrão

ABSTRACT

This research investigated the effects of neem oil on mortality, survival and malformations of the non-target stink bug predator, Podisus nigrispinus. Neurotoxic and growth inhibitor insecticides were used to compare the lethal and sublethal effects from neem oil on this predator. Six concentrations of neem oil were topically applied onto nymphs and adults of this predator. The mortality rates of third, fourth, and fifth instar nymphs increased with increasing neem oil concentrations, suggesting low toxicity to P. nigrispinus nymphs. Mortality of adults was low, but with sublethal effects of neem products on this predator. The developmental rate of P. nigrispinus decreased with increasing neem oil concentrations. Longevity of fourth instar nymphs varied from 3.74 to 3.05 d, fifth instar from 5.94 to 4.07 d and adult from 16.5 and 15.7 d with 0.5 and 50% neem doses. Podisus nigrispinus presented malformations and increase with neem oil concentrations. The main malformations occur in wings, scutellum and legs of this predator. The neem oil at high and sub lethal doses cause mortality, inhibits growth and survival and results in anomalies on wings and legs of the non-traget predator P. nigrispinus indicating that its use associated with biological control should be carefully evaluated. More... »

PAGES

30261

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep30261

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep30261

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042785168

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27596436


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