Rapid formation and evolution of an extreme haze episode in Northern China during winter 2015 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-07

AUTHORS

Yele Sun, Chen Chen, Yingjie Zhang, Weiqi Xu, Libo Zhou, Xueling Cheng, Haitao Zheng, Dongsheng Ji, Jie Li, Xiao Tang, Pingqing Fu, Zifa Wang

ABSTRACT

We investigate the rapid formation and evolutionary mechanisms of an extremely severe and persistent haze episode that occurred in northern China during winter 2015 using comprehensive ground and vertical measurements, along with receptor and dispersion model analysis. Our results indicate that the life cycle of a severe winter haze episode typically consists of four stages: (1) rapid formation initiated by sudden changes in meteorological parameters and synchronous increases in most aerosol species, (2) persistent evolution with relatively constant variations in secondary inorganic aerosols and secondary organic aerosols, (3) further evolution associated with fog processing and significantly enhanced sulfate levels, and (4) clearing due to dry, cold north-northwesterly winds. Aerosol composition showed substantial changes during the formation and evolution of the haze episode but was generally dominated by regional secondary aerosols (53-67%). Our results demonstrate the important role of regional transport, largely from the southwest but also from the east, and of coal combustion emissions for winter haze formation in Beijing. Also, we observed an important downward mixing pathway during the severe haze in 2015 that can lead to rapid increases in certain aerosol species. More... »

PAGES

27151

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep27151

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep27151

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000618690

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27243909


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep27151'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep27151'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep27151'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep27151'


 

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