The mitogenome of a 35,000-year-old Homo sapiens from Europe supports a Palaeolithic back-migration to Africa View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-07

AUTHORS

M Hervella, E M Svensson, A Alberdi, T Günther, N Izagirre, A R Munters, S Alonso, M Ioana, F Ridiche, A Soficaru, M Jakobsson, M G Netea, C de-la-Rua

ABSTRACT

After the dispersal of modern humans (Homo sapiens) Out of Africa, hominins with a similar morphology to that of present-day humans initiated the gradual demographic expansion into Eurasia. The mitogenome (33-fold coverage) of the Peştera Muierii 1 individual (PM1) from Romania (35 ky cal BP) we present in this article corresponds fully to Homo sapiens, whilst exhibiting a mosaic of morphological features related to both modern humans and Neandertals. We have identified the PM1 mitogenome as a basal haplogroup U6*, not previously found in any ancient or present-day humans. The derived U6 haplotypes are predominantly found in present-day North-Western African populations. Concomitantly, those found in Europe have been attributed to recent gene-flow from North Africa. The presence of the basal haplogroup U6* in South East Europe (Romania) at 35 ky BP confirms a Eurasian origin of the U6 mitochondrial lineage. Consequently, we propose that the PM1 lineage is an offshoot to South East Europe that can be traced to the Early Upper Paleolithic back migration from Western Asia to North Africa, during which the U6 lineage diversified, until the emergence of the present-day U6 African lineages. More... »

PAGES

25501

References to SciGraph publications

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep25501

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep25501

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046549104

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27195518


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