New fossil insect order Permopsocida elucidates major radiation and evolution of suction feeding in hemimetabolous insects (Hexapoda: Acercaria) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09

AUTHORS

Di-Ying Huang, Günter Bechly, Patricia Nel, Michael S Engel, Jakub Prokop, Dany Azar, Chen-Yang Cai, Thomas van de Kamp, Arnold H Staniczek, Romain Garrouste, Lars Krogmann, Tomy Dos Santos Rolo, Tilo Baumbach, Rainer Ohlhoff, Alexey S Shmakov, Thierry Bourgoin, André Nel

ABSTRACT

With nearly 100,000 species, the Acercaria (lice, plant lices, thrips, bugs) including number of economically important species is one of the most successful insect lineages. However, its phylogeny and evolution of mouthparts among other issues remain debatable. Here new methods of preparation permitted the comprehensive anatomical description of insect inclusions from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber in astonishing detail. These "missing links" fossils, attributed to a new order Permopsocida, provide crucial evidence for reconstructing the phylogenetic relationships in the Acercaria, supporting its monophyly, and questioning the position of Psocodea as sister group of holometabolans in the most recent phylogenomic study. Permopsocida resolves as sister group of Thripida + Hemiptera and represents an evolutionary link documenting the transition from chewing to piercing mouthparts in relation to suction feeding. Identification of gut contents as angiosperm pollen documents an ecological role of Permopsocida as early pollen feeders with relatively unspecialized mouthparts. This group existed for 185 million years, but has never been diverse and was superseded by new pollenivorous pollinators during the Cretaceous co-evolution of insects and flowers. The key innovation of suction feeding with piercing mouthparts is identified as main event that triggered the huge post-Carboniferous radiation of hemipterans, and facilitated the spreading of pathogenic vectors. More... »

PAGES

23004

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep23004

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep23004

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012537045

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26961785


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