Detecting signatures of positive selection associated with musical aptitude in the human genome View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-08

AUTHORS

Xuanyao Liu, Chakravarthi Kanduri, Jaana Oikkonen, Kai Karma, Pirre Raijas, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Yik-Ying Teo, Irma Järvelä

ABSTRACT

Abilities related to musical aptitude appear to have a long history in human evolution. To elucidate the molecular and evolutionary background of musical aptitude, we compared genome-wide genotyping data (641 K SNPs) of 148 Finnish individuals characterized for musical aptitude. We assigned signatures of positive selection in a case-control setting using three selection methods: haploPS, XP-EHH and FST. Gene ontology classification revealed that the positive selection regions contained genes affecting inner-ear development. Additionally, literature survey has shown that several of the identified genes were known to be involved in auditory perception (e.g. GPR98, USH2A), cognition and memory (e.g. GRIN2B, IL1A, IL1B, RAPGEF5), reward mechanisms (RGS9), and song perception and production of songbirds (e.g. FOXP1, RGS9, GPR98, GRIN2B). Interestingly, genes related to inner-ear development and cognition were also detected in a previous genome-wide association study of musical aptitude. However, the candidate genes detected in this study were not reported earlier in studies of musical abilities. Identification of genes related to language development (FOXP1 and VLDLR) support the popular hypothesis that music and language share a common genetic and evolutionary background. The findings are consistent with the evolutionary conservation of genes related to auditory processes in other species and provide first empirical evidence for signatures of positive selection for abilities that contribute to musical aptitude. More... »

PAGES

21198

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep21198

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep21198

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034077603

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26879527


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