Are Immune Modulating Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Associated with Necrotizing Enterocolitis? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

Ashanti L Franklin, Mariam Said, Clint D Cappiello, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Zohreh Tatari-Calderone, Stanislav Vukmanovic, Khodayar Rais-Bahrami, Naomi L C Luban, Joseph M Devaney, Anthony D Sandler

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating gastrointestinal emergency. The purpose of this study is to determine if functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in immune-modulating genes pre-dispose infants to NEC. After Institutional Review Board approval and parental consent, buccal swabs were collected for DNA extraction. TaqMan allelic discrimination assays and BglII endonuclease digestion were used to genotype specific inflammatory cytokines and TRIM21. Statistical analysis was completed using logistic regression. 184 neonates were analyzed in the study. Caucasian neonates with IL-6 (rs1800795) were over 6 times more likely to have NEC (p = 0.013; OR = 6.61, 95% CI 1.48-29.39), and over 7 times more likely to have Stage III disease (p = 0.011; OR = 7.13, (95% CI 1.56-32.52). Neonates with TGFβ-1 (rs2241712) had a decreased incidence of NEC-related perforation (p = 0.044; OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.08-0.97) and an increased incidence of mortality (p = 0.049; OR = 2.99, 95% CI: 1.01 - 8.86). TRIM21 (rs660) was associated with NEC-related intestinal perforation (p = 0.038; OR = 4.65, 95% CI 1.09-19.78). In premature Caucasian neonates, the functional SNP IL-6 (rs1800795) is associated with both the development and increased severity of NEC. TRIM21 (rs660) and TGFβ-1 (rs2241712) were associated with NEC- related perforation in all neonates in the cohort. These findings suggest a possible genetic role in the development of NEC. More... »

PAGES

18369

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep18369

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep18369

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001386668

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26670709


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