Protopanaxatriol, a novel PPARγ antagonist from Panax ginseng, alleviates steatosis in mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-05

AUTHORS

Yu Zhang, Lijing Yu, Wujie Cai, Shengjie Fan, Li Feng, Guang Ji, Cheng Huang

ABSTRACT

Obesity is prevalent worldwide, and is highly associated with metabolic disorders, such as insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia and steatosis. Ginseng has been used as food and traditional herbal medicine for the treatment of various metabolic diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms how ginseng and its components participate in the regulation of lipogenesis are still largely unclear. Here, we identified that protopanaxatriol (PPT), a major ginseng constituent, inhibited rosiglitazone-supported adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells by repressing the expression of lipogenesis-related gene expression. In high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice, PPT reduced body weight and serum lipid levels, improved insulin resistance, as well as morphology and lipid accumulation, particular macrovesicular steatosis, in the livers. These effects were confirmed with genetically obese ob/ob mice. A reporter gene assay showed that PPT specifically inhibited the transactivity of PPARγ, but not PPAR α, β/δ and LXR α, β. TR-FRET assay revealed that PPT was specifically bound to PPARγ LBD, which was further confirmed by the molecular docking study. Our data demonstrate that PPT is a novel PPARγ antagonist. The inhibition of PPARγ activity could be a promising therapy for obesity and steatosis. Our findings shed new light on the mechanism of ginseng in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. More... »

PAGES

7375

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep07375

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep07375

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036965781

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25487878


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