Leptin induced GRP78 expression through the PI3K-mTOR pathway in neuronal cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-05

AUTHORS

Mina Thon, Toru Hosoi, Michiko Yoshii, Koichiro Ozawa

ABSTRACT

Leptin is a circulating hormone that plays a critical role in regulating energy expenditure and food intake. Evidence to suggest the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the development of obesity is increasing. To adapt against ER stress, cells trigger the unfolded protein response (UPR). The 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) is an ER chaperone that protects cells against ER stress by inducing protein folding. In the present study, we hypothesized that leptin may activate UPR and protect against ER stress associated with obesity. SH-SY5Y, a human neuroblastoma cell line stably transfected with the Ob-Rb leptin receptor (SH-SY5Y-ObRb), was treated with leptin. We demonstrated that leptin induced GRP78 expression. We then validated the mechanism responsible for the leptin-induced expression of GRP78. Interestingly, leptin-induced GRP78 expression was not dependent on IRE1-XBP1 pathway. On the other hand, the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, and mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin, inhibited the leptin-induced expression of GRP78. These results suggested that the leptin-induced expression of GRP78 may be dependent on the PI3K-mTOR pathway. Leptin specifically induced GRP78 because the induction of the ER-apoptotic marker, CHOP, was not detected in leptin-treated cells. Therefore, leptin may upregulate the expression of GRP78, thereby protecting against ER stress associated with obesity. More... »

PAGES

7096

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep07096

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep07096

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044221144

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25403445


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