The image-scratch paradigm: a new paradigm for evaluating infants' motivated gaze control View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-06-30

AUTHORS

Michiko Miyazaki, Hideyuki Takahashi, Matthias Rolf, Hiroyuki Okada, Takashi Omori

ABSTRACT

Human infants show spontaneous behaviours such as general movement, goal-directed behaviour, and self-motivated behaviour from a very early age. However, it is unclear how these behaviours are organised throughout development. A major hindrance to empirical investigation is that there is no common paradigm for all ages that can circumvent infants' underdeveloped verbal and motor abilities. Here, we propose a new paradigm, named the image-scratch task, using a gaze-contingent technique that is adaptable to various extents of motor ability. In this task, participants scratch off a black layer on a display to uncover pictures beneath it by using their gaze. We established quantitative criteria for spontaneous eye-movement based on adults' gaze-data and demonstrated that our task is useful for evaluating eye-movements motivated by outcome attractiveness in 8-month-olds. Finally, we discuss the potential of this paradigm for revealing the mechanisms and developmental transitions underlying infants' spontaneous and intentional behaviours. More... »

PAGES

5498

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep05498

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep05498

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016630377

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24975349


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