Oxygen-Vacancy-Induced Antiferromagnetism to Ferromagnetism Transformation in Eu0.5Ba0.5TiO3−δ Multiferroic Thin Films View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-09-10

AUTHORS

Weiwei Li, Run Zhao, Le Wang, Rujun Tang, Yuanyuan Zhu, Joo Hwan Lee, Haixia Cao, Tianyi Cai, Haizhong Guo, Can Wang, Langsheng Ling, Li Pi, Kuijuan Jin, Yuheng Zhang, Haiyan Wang, Yongqiang Wang, Sheng Ju, Hao Yang

ABSTRACT

Oxygen vacancies (VO) effects on magnetic ordering in Eu0.5Ba0.5TiO3−δ (EBTO3−δ) thin films have been investigated using a combination of experimental measurements and first-principles density-functional calculations. Two kinds of EBTO3−δ thin films with different oxygen deficiency have been fabricated. A nuclear resonance backscattering spectrometry technique has been used to quantitatively measure contents of the VO. Eu0.5Ba0.5TiO3 ceramics have been known to exhibit ferroelectric (FE) and G-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) properties. While, a ferromagnetic (FM) behavior with a Curie temperature of 1.85 K has been found in the EBTO3−δ thin films. Spin-polarized Ti3+ ions, which originated from the VO, has been proven to mediate a FM coupling between the local Eu 4f spins and were believed to be responsible for the great change of the magnetic ordering. Considering the easy formation of VO, our work opens up a new avenue for achieving co-existence of FM and FE orders in oxide materials. More... »

PAGES

2618

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep02618

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep02618

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004650917

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24018399


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23 FM coupling
24 Ti3
25 VO
26 antiferromagnetic properties
27 antiferromagnetism
28 avenues
29 behavior
30 calculations
31 ceramics
32 changes
33 combination
34 content
35 coupling
36 deficiency
37 density functional calculations
38 different oxygen deficiency
39 easy formation
40 effect
41 experimental measurements
42 ferromagnetic behavior
43 films
44 first-principles density functional calculations
45 formation
46 greater changes
47 ions
48 kind
49 magnetic ordering
50 materials
51 measurements
52 multiferroic thin films
53 new avenues
54 nuclear resonance
55 order
56 ordering
57 oxide materials
58 oxygen deficiency
59 oxygen vacancies
60 oxygen vacancy effect
61 properties
62 resonance
63 spectrometry techniques
64 spin
65 technique
66 temperature
67 thin films
68 transformation
69 vacancy effect
70 work
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