Rainfall reductions over Southern Hemisphere semi-arid regions: the role of subtropical dry zone expansion View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-12

AUTHORS

Wenju Cai, Tim Cowan, Marcus Thatcher

ABSTRACT

Since the late 1970s, Southern Hemisphere semi-arid regions such as southern-coastal Chile, southern Africa, and southeastern Australia have experienced a drying trend in austral autumn, predominantly during April and May. The rainfall reduction coincides with a poleward expansion of the tropical belt and subtropical dry zone by around 2°-3° in the same season. This has raised questions as to whether the regional rainfall reductions are attributable to this poleward expansion. Here we show that the impact of the poleward subtropical dry-zone shift is not longitudinally uniform: a clear shift occurs south of Africa and across southern Australia, but there is no evidence of a poleward shift in the southern Chilean sector. As such, a poleward shift of climatological April-May rainfall can explain most of the southeastern Australia rainfall decline, a small portion of the southern Africa rainfall trend, but not the autumn drying over southern Chile. More... »

PAGES

702

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-01. Observational evidence for poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation in ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
  • 2008. An Updated Description of the Conformal-Cubic Atmospheric Model in HIGH RESOLUTION NUMERICAL MODELLING OF THE ATMOSPHERE AND OCEAN
  • 2004. Change in the Tropical Hadley Cell Since 1950 in THE HADLEY CIRCULATION: PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE
  • 2008-01. Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep00702

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00702

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019016040

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23050086


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