Uncovering high-strain rate protection mechanism in nacre View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Zaiwang Huang, Haoze Li, Zhiliang Pan, Qiuming Wei, Yuh J. Chao, Xiaodong Li

ABSTRACT

Under high-strain-rate compression (strain rate approximately 10(3) s(-1)), nacre (mother-of-pearl) exhibits surprisingly high fracture strength vis-à-vis under quasi-static loading (strain rate 10(-3) s(-1)). Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism responsible for such sharply different behaviors in these two loading modes remains completely unknown. Here we report a new deformation mechanism, adopted by nacre, the best-ever natural armor material, to protect itself against predatory penetrating impacts. It involves the emission of partial dislocations and the onset of deformation twinning that operate in a well-concerted manner to contribute to the increased high-strain-rate fracture strength of nacre. Our findings unveil that Mother Nature delicately uses an ingenious strain-rate-dependent stiffening mechanism with a purpose to fight against foreign attacks. These findings should serve as critical design guidelines for developing engineered body armor materials. More... »

PAGES

148

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/srep00148

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00148

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002946814

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22355664


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