Thymidylate synthase gene polymorphism determines response and toxicity of 5-FU chemotherapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2001-01

AUTHORS

S T Pullarkat, J Stoehlmacher, V Ghaderi, Y-P Xiong, S A Ingles, A Sherrod, R Warren, D Tsao-Wei, S Groshen, H-J Lenz

ABSTRACT

Thymidylate synthase (TS) catalyses the conversion of deoxy-uridylate to deoxy-thymidylate and is essential for DNA synthesis. The human TS gene promoter is polymorphic, having either double or triple tandem repeats of a 28-bp sequence. Here we determined the significance of this polymorphism in humans and its prediction for clinical outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil. The TS mRNA level was analyzed using RT-PCR. Individuals homozygous for the triple repeat variant (L/L) had 3.6 times higher TS mRNA levels compared to those homozygous for the double repeat variant (S/S) in tumor tissue (P = 0.004). We tested 50 patients with disseminated colorectal cancer who received 5-FU treatment to determine whether this TS polymorphism will predict clinical outcome. We found individuals with S/S genotype had a response rate of 50% (4/8) when compared to 9% (2/22) in those with L/L and 15% (3/20) in those with S/L genotype (P = 0.041). Patients with L/L had less severe side effects to 5-FU (P = 0.008). The data suggest that genotyping for the TS polymorphism may have the potential to identify patients more likely to respond to 5-FU based chemotherapy. More... »

PAGES

6500012

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.tpj.6500012

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.tpj.6500012

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11913730


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41 schema:description Thymidylate synthase (TS) catalyses the conversion of deoxy-uridylate to deoxy-thymidylate and is essential for DNA synthesis. The human TS gene promoter is polymorphic, having either double or triple tandem repeats of a 28-bp sequence. Here we determined the significance of this polymorphism in humans and its prediction for clinical outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil. The TS mRNA level was analyzed using RT-PCR. Individuals homozygous for the triple repeat variant (L/L) had 3.6 times higher TS mRNA levels compared to those homozygous for the double repeat variant (S/S) in tumor tissue (P = 0.004). We tested 50 patients with disseminated colorectal cancer who received 5-FU treatment to determine whether this TS polymorphism will predict clinical outcome. We found individuals with S/S genotype had a response rate of 50% (4/8) when compared to 9% (2/22) in those with L/L and 15% (3/20) in those with S/L genotype (P = 0.041). Patients with L/L had less severe side effects to 5-FU (P = 0.008). The data suggest that genotyping for the TS polymorphism may have the potential to identify patients more likely to respond to 5-FU based chemotherapy.
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