Clinical outcomes of cervical spinal cord injuries without radiographic evidence of trauma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1998-08

AUTHORS

Yasuo Saruhashi, Sinsuke Hukuda, Akitomo Katsuura, Shuzo Asajima, Kikuo Omura

ABSTRACT

We investigated 33 cervical spinal cord injury patients (25 males and eight females) without bony injury. Patients whose neurologic recovery had reached a plateau and who had evidence on imaging of persistent spinal cord compression were considered candidates for surgical decompression. When imaging did not show spinal cord compression or patients were maintaining a good neurologic recovery from the early days after injury, we pursued conservative treatment. Age at injury varied from 20 to 76 years (mean, 55.6). Average follow-up was 31 months. Twelve patients were treated conservatively (Group 1). Groups 2 and 3 had surgery. Group 2 (14 cases) had multi-level compression of spinal cord due to pre-existing cervical spine conditions such as ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament, cervical canal stenosis, and cervical spondylosis. Group 3 (7 cases) patients existed single-level compression of spinal cord by cervical disc herniations or spondylosis. We evaluated clinical results according to the Frankel classification, the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scales and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores. Overall improvement of JOA and ASIA scores after treatment was 56.3 +/- 35.5% and 67.1 +/- 38.0%, respectively. Patients in Group 1 showed very good recovery after conservative treatment, with improvement of JOA and ASIA scores being 70.4 +/- 40.2% and 77.4 +/- 34.2%, respectively. The average interval between injury and operation was 4.3 +/- 4.4 months. The improvement of the surgically treated patients (Groups 2 and 3) in JOA and ASIA score was 48.2 +/- 30.7% and 61.2 +/- 39.6% respectively. We obtained good neurological recovery after operation, with significantly more improvement in Group 3 than in Group 2. No significant neurologic recovery had occurred preoperatively in these groups. In such patients operative intervention is essential for neurologic recovery. More... »

PAGES

3100595

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3100595

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3100595

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051021031

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9713926


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