Hypoxia stimulates breast carcinoma cell invasion through MT1-MMP and MMP-2 activation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-04

AUTHORS

U M Muñoz-Nájar, K M Neurath, F Vumbaca, K P Claffey

ABSTRACT

The process of cancer cell invasion involves degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by proteases, integrin adhesion and cell motility. The role of ECM degrading proteases on the hypoxia-induced invasion of breast carcinoma cells was investigated. Hypoxia markedly increased the invasion capacity of MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435 breast carcinoma cell lines. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors blocked the hypoxia-induced invasion, whereas other protease inhibitors had no effect. Antibodies or siRNAs blocking either membrane type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP) or MMP-2 were effective in reducing the hypoxia-induced invasion. Serum-free reconstitution experiments confirmed the involvement of the MT1-MMP/MMP-2/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 complex in this hypoxia-induced response. Overexpression of MT1-MMP in a poorly invasive breast cancer cell line, T47-D, promoted hypoxia-induced invasion and MMP-2 activation. Cell surface accumulation and activation of MT1-MMP without apparent regulation at the mRNA or protein levels indicated a post-translational adaptive response to hypoxia. Inhibition of the small GTPase RhoA eliminated the hypoxia-induced invasion and blocked the localization of MT1-MMP to the plasma membrane. Zymographic and molecular analysis of human breast tumors showed a strong correlation between hypoxic microenvironments and MMP-2 activation without changes in MT1-MMP expression. Our studies suggest that hypoxic tumor microenvironments promote breast cancer invasion through an MT1-MMP-dependent mechanism. More... »

PAGES

2379

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.onc.1209273

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1209273

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010649458

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16369494


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