Identification of SCN3B as a novel p53-inducible proapoptotic gene View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-08-30

AUTHORS

Katsuya Adachi, Minoru Toyota, Yasushi Sasaki, Toshiharu Yamashita, Setsuko Ishida, Mutsumi Ohe-Toyota, Reo Maruyama, Yuji Hinoda, Tsuyoshi Saito, Kohzoh Imai, Ryuichi Kudo, Takashi Tokino

ABSTRACT

Tumor suppressor p53 is a transcription factor that induces growth arrest and/or apoptosis in response to cellular stress. To identify novel p53-inducible genes, we compared the expression of genes in normal mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) to p53-null cells by cDNA representational difference analysis. We report here that expression of endogenous sodium channel subunit beta 3 (SCN3B) is upregulated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts by DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner. In addition, we found that SCN3B levels are upregulated in human cancer cell lines by DNA damaging agents, as well as by overexpression of p53, but not significantly by p63 or p73. Furthermore, we identified two putative p53-binding sites upstream of the first exon (RE1) and in the third intron (RE2). The p53 protein can directly interact with the putative p53-binding sites in vivo, as assessed by chromatin immunoprecipitation. A reporter gene assay revealed that these two p53-binding sites are functional response elements. The SCN3B protein appears to be localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Introduction of the SCN3B gene into T98G and Saos2 cells potently suppressed colony formation. Furthermore, we found that adenovirus-mediated transfer of SCN3B induced apoptosis when combined with anticancer agents. The results presented here suggest that SCN3B mediates a p53-dependent apoptotic pathway and may be a candidate for gene therapy combined with anticancer drugs. More... »

PAGES

7791-7798

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.onc.1208067

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1208067

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033281489

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15334053


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29 schema:description Tumor suppressor p53 is a transcription factor that induces growth arrest and/or apoptosis in response to cellular stress. To identify novel p53-inducible genes, we compared the expression of genes in normal mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) to p53-null cells by cDNA representational difference analysis. We report here that expression of endogenous sodium channel subunit beta 3 (SCN3B) is upregulated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts by DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner. In addition, we found that SCN3B levels are upregulated in human cancer cell lines by DNA damaging agents, as well as by overexpression of p53, but not significantly by p63 or p73. Furthermore, we identified two putative p53-binding sites upstream of the first exon (RE1) and in the third intron (RE2). The p53 protein can directly interact with the putative p53-binding sites in vivo, as assessed by chromatin immunoprecipitation. A reporter gene assay revealed that these two p53-binding sites are functional response elements. The SCN3B protein appears to be localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Introduction of the SCN3B gene into T98G and Saos2 cells potently suppressed colony formation. Furthermore, we found that adenovirus-mediated transfer of SCN3B induced apoptosis when combined with anticancer agents. The results presented here suggest that SCN3B mediates a p53-dependent apoptotic pathway and may be a candidate for gene therapy combined with anticancer drugs.
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62 elements
63 embryo fibroblasts
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65 endoplasmic reticulum
66 exons
67 expression
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