p53 and Egr-1 additively suppress transformed growth in HT1080 cells but Egr-1 counteracts p53-dependent apoptosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1999-06

AUTHORS

Ian de Belle, Ruo-Pan Huang, Yan Fan, Chaoting Liu, Dan Mercola, Eileen D Adamson

ABSTRACT

The human fibrosarcoma cell line, HT1080, clone H4, was used to determine if the transformation suppressive functions of p53 and Egr-1 have the same underlying mechanism. This cell line expresses only mutant p53 and no detectable Egr-1. H4 clones stably expressing Egr-1 are less transformed in proportion to the level of Egr-1 expressed, acting through the induction of the TGFbeta1 gene. Here, H4 cells and the highest Egr-1 expressing clone were transfected with a vector expressing normal human p53 to derive stable clones expressing p53. The expression of p53 in H4 cells inhibited transformed growth and reduced tumorigenicity. The effect of coexpression of both p53 and Egr-1 was additive, producing cell lines with 30% of normal growth rate and sevenfold reduced tumorigenicity compared with control lines. These results indicated that each factor may act independently by different pathways, although each additively increased the level of p21WAF1 cell cycle inhibitor. However, exposure of the H4-derived cells to UV-C irradiation produced contrasting effects. Cell cycle analyses showed that the presence of p53 was associated with loss of the G1 and S cells to apoptosis after irradiation. In contrast, the expression of Egr-1 increased entry into S/G2 phase of the cell cycle with little apoptosis via a mechanism involving elevated FAK and low caspase activities. Apoptosis was observed only in the cell lines that expressed no Egr-1, especially those expressing wt-p53, and was preceded by high caspase activity. In summary, Egr-1 suppressed transformation and counteracted apoptosis by the coordinated activation of TGFbeta1, FN, p21 and FAK, leading to enhanced cell attachment and reduced caspase activity. In the doubly expressing cell line, the survival effect of Egr-1 was dominant over the apoptotic effect of p53. More... »

PAGES

1202696

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.onc.1202696

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1202696

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040304525

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10380885


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