Modulation of Striatal Dopamine Release by Glycine Transport Inhibitors View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-04

AUTHORS

Daniel C Javitt, Audrey Hashim, Henry Sershen

ABSTRACT

Traditional models of schizophrenia have focused primarily upon dopaminergic (DA) dysregulation. In contrast, more recent models focus on dysfunction of glutamatergic systems, acting particularly through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. NMDA receptors in brain are regulated by glycine, acting via a strychnine-insensitive regulatory site, and by glycine (GlyT1) transporters that maintain low glycine levels in the immediate vicinity of the NMDA receptor complex. The present study investigates the role of NMDA receptors in the modulation of striatal dopamine release in vitro, and of glycine transport inhibitors (GTIs) as potential psychotherapeutic agents in schizophrenia. In striatum, NMDA receptors exert dual excitatory/inhibitory effects, with inhibition reflecting activity of local GABAergic feedback regulation. We have previously demonstrated effectiveness of glycine in regulating [3H]DA release both in vivo and in vitro, consistent with its beneficial clinical effects. In the present study, similar effects were observed for the high-affinity GTI (+)N[3-(4'-fluorophenyl)-3-(4'-phenylphenoxy-)propyl]sarcosine (NFPS), and for a range of high-affinity GTIs with appropriate rank order of potency. In addition, (+)NFPS significantly stimulated NMDA-induced [3H]GABA release. Effects, of GTIs, were blocked by the glycine-site antagonists L689,560 and HA-966, and the GABA(B) antagonists phaclofen and CGP 52432, confirming the roles of both the NMDA-associated glycine-site and presynaptic GABA(B) receptors in NMDA receptor-mediated regulation of striatal DA release in vitro. Endogenous DA hyperactivity is associated with prominent positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The present results are consistent with recent clinical studies showing significant effectiveness of glycine-site agonists and GTIs in reduction of persistent positive, as well as negative, symptoms in schizophrenia. More... »

PAGES

1300589

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.npp.1300589

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.npp.1300589

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044931668

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15688094


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