Estrogen mediates sex differences in stress-induced prefrontal cortex dysfunction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-05

AUTHORS

R M Shansky, C Glavis-Bloom, D Lerman, P McRae, C Benson, K Miller, L Cosand, T L Horvath, A F T Arnsten

ABSTRACT

Many anxiety disorders, as well as major depressive disorder (MDD), are at least twice as prevalent in women as in men, but the neurobiological basis of this discrepancy has not been well studied. MDD is often precipitated by exposure to uncontrollable stress, and is frequently characterized by abnormal or disrupted prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. In animals, exposure to stress has been shown to cause PFC dysfunction, but sex differences in this effect have not been investigated. The present study tested male and female rats on a PFC-dependent working memory task after administration of FG7142, a benzodiazepine inverse agonist that activates stress systems in the brain. Female rats were impaired by lower doses than males during proestrus (high estrogen), but not during estrus (low estrogen). Similarly, ovariectomized females showed increased stress sensitivity only after estrogen replacement. These results suggest that estrogen amplifies the stress response in PFC, which may increase susceptibility to stress-related disorders. More... »

PAGES

4001435

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.mp.4001435

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001435

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040193904

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14569273


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