Heterologous chitinase gene expression to improve plant defense against phytopathogenic fungi View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-09

AUTHORS

H Schickler, I Chet

ABSTRACT

Agricultural crops worldwide suffer from a vast array of fungal diseases which cause severe yield losses. Upon interaction with a pathogen, plants initiate a complex network of defense mechanisms, among which is a dramatic increase in chitinase activity. Chitinases are capable of hydrolyzing chitin-containing fungal cell walls and are therefore thought to play a major role in the plant’s response. One of the strategies to increase plant tolerance to fungal pathogens is the constitutive overexpression of proteins involved in plant-defense mechanisms. The level of protection observed in transgenic plants harboring heterologous chitinase genes varies, depending on the particular combination of enzyme, plant and pathogen tested. Nevertheless, most of these transgenic plants exhibit increased tolerance to fungal diseases relative to their non-transgenic counterparts. The combined expression of chitinases with other plant-defense proteins such as glucanases and ribosome-inactivating proteins further enhances the plant’s resistance to fungal attack. More... »

PAGES

196-201

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900447

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000094333


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0601", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biochemistry and Cell Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of  Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12,  Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7", 
          "name": [
            "Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of  Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12,  Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schickler", 
        "givenName": "H", 
        "id": "sg:person.011743313242.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011743313242.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of  Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12,  Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7", 
          "name": [
            "Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of  Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12,  Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chet", 
        "givenName": "I", 
        "id": "sg:person.014133145547.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014133145547.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00018455", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038593005", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00018455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/324365a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013176934", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/324365a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01974086", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016127370", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01974086"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nbt0596-643", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043234211", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0596-643"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02825358", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023111525", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02825358"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01310952", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032056209", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01310952"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1997-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1997-09-01", 
    "description": "Agricultural crops worldwide suffer from a vast array of fungal diseases which cause severe yield  losses. Upon interaction with a pathogen, plants initiate a complex network of defense  mechanisms, among which is a dramatic increase in chitinase activity. Chitinases are capable of  hydrolyzing chitin-containing fungal cell walls and are therefore thought to play a major role in  the plant\u2019s response. One of the strategies to increase plant tolerance to fungal pathogens is the  constitutive overexpression of proteins involved in plant-defense mechanisms. The level of  protection observed in transgenic plants harboring heterologous chitinase genes varies,  depending on the particular combination of enzyme, plant and pathogen tested. Nevertheless,  most of these transgenic plants exhibit increased tolerance to fungal diseases relative to their  non-transgenic counterparts. The combined expression of chitinases with other plant-defense  proteins such as glucanases and ribosome-inactivating proteins further enhances the plant\u2019s  resistance to fungal attack.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1412877", 
        "issn": [
          "1367-5435", 
          "1476-5535"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology", 
        "publisher": "Oxford University Press (OUP)", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "transgenic plants", 
      "fungal diseases", 
      "non-transgenic counterparts", 
      "plant defense mechanisms", 
      "chitinase gene expression", 
      "severe yield", 
      "agricultural crops", 
      "plant tolerance", 
      "plant responses", 
      "fungal cell wall", 
      "plant defense", 
      "hydrolyzing chitin", 
      "fungal pathogens", 
      "fungal attack", 
      "phytopathogenic fungi", 
      "plants", 
      "genes varies", 
      "constitutive overexpression", 
      "gene expression", 
      "cell wall", 
      "chitinase activity", 
      "pathogens", 
      "tolerance", 
      "protein", 
      "chitinases", 
      "crops", 
      "combined expression", 
      "vast array", 
      "yield", 
      "expression", 
      "defense", 
      "fungi", 
      "glucanases", 
      "major role", 
      "complex networks", 
      "overexpression", 
      "dramatic increase", 
      "enzyme", 
      "mechanism", 
      "resistance", 
      "chitin", 
      "particular combination", 
      "response", 
      "protection", 
      "loss", 
      "disease", 
      "role", 
      "interaction", 
      "activity", 
      "strategies", 
      "increase", 
      "combination", 
      "levels", 
      "varies", 
      "attacks", 
      "counterparts", 
      "wall", 
      "array", 
      "network"
    ], 
    "name": "Heterologous chitinase gene expression to improve plant defense against phytopathogenic fungi", 
    "pagination": "196-201", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1000094333"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/sj.jim.2900447"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900447", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000094333"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T15:48", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_263.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900447"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

155 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      92 URIs      76 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900447 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0601
3 anzsrc-for:0605
4 anzsrc-for:0607
5 schema:author N1bebe751a27d4b6ba31bdc13977eeaa8
6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00018455
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01310952
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01974086
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02825358
10 sg:pub.10.1038/324365a0
11 sg:pub.10.1038/nbt0596-643
12 schema:datePublished 1997-09
13 schema:datePublishedReg 1997-09-01
14 schema:description Agricultural crops worldwide suffer from a vast array of fungal diseases which cause severe yield losses. Upon interaction with a pathogen, plants initiate a complex network of defense mechanisms, among which is a dramatic increase in chitinase activity. Chitinases are capable of hydrolyzing chitin-containing fungal cell walls and are therefore thought to play a major role in the plant’s response. One of the strategies to increase plant tolerance to fungal pathogens is the constitutive overexpression of proteins involved in plant-defense mechanisms. The level of protection observed in transgenic plants harboring heterologous chitinase genes varies, depending on the particular combination of enzyme, plant and pathogen tested. Nevertheless, most of these transgenic plants exhibit increased tolerance to fungal diseases relative to their non-transgenic counterparts. The combined expression of chitinases with other plant-defense proteins such as glucanases and ribosome-inactivating proteins further enhances the plant’s resistance to fungal attack.
15 schema:genre article
16 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
17 schema:isPartOf Na8b934d004194135895c15c2d9f14b2f
18 Nc7e89e8a763a4ebeb4fa08977fe60419
19 sg:journal.1412877
20 schema:keywords activity
21 agricultural crops
22 array
23 attacks
24 cell wall
25 chitin
26 chitinase activity
27 chitinase gene expression
28 chitinases
29 combination
30 combined expression
31 complex networks
32 constitutive overexpression
33 counterparts
34 crops
35 defense
36 disease
37 dramatic increase
38 enzyme
39 expression
40 fungal attack
41 fungal cell wall
42 fungal diseases
43 fungal pathogens
44 fungi
45 gene expression
46 genes varies
47 glucanases
48 hydrolyzing chitin
49 increase
50 interaction
51 levels
52 loss
53 major role
54 mechanism
55 network
56 non-transgenic counterparts
57 overexpression
58 particular combination
59 pathogens
60 phytopathogenic fungi
61 plant defense
62 plant defense mechanisms
63 plant responses
64 plant tolerance
65 plants
66 protection
67 protein
68 resistance
69 response
70 role
71 severe yield
72 strategies
73 tolerance
74 transgenic plants
75 varies
76 vast array
77 wall
78 yield
79 schema:name Heterologous chitinase gene expression to improve plant defense against phytopathogenic fungi
80 schema:pagination 196-201
81 schema:productId N9df6ed48f81147a083a8ee02392475e6
82 Nc62ead593a554367920261caa15288c0
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000094333
84 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900447
85 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T15:48
86 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
87 schema:sdPublisher N5a25cba012434339b4ba7f1fb15663c4
88 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900447
89 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
90 sgo:sdDataset articles
91 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
92 N1bebe751a27d4b6ba31bdc13977eeaa8 rdf:first sg:person.011743313242.16
93 rdf:rest N724358066b31420dad46918f7d04e1eb
94 N5a25cba012434339b4ba7f1fb15663c4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 N724358066b31420dad46918f7d04e1eb rdf:first sg:person.014133145547.89
97 rdf:rest rdf:nil
98 N9df6ed48f81147a083a8ee02392475e6 schema:name dimensions_id
99 schema:value pub.1000094333
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 Na8b934d004194135895c15c2d9f14b2f schema:volumeNumber 19
102 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
103 Nc62ead593a554367920261caa15288c0 schema:name doi
104 schema:value 10.1038/sj.jim.2900447
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 Nc7e89e8a763a4ebeb4fa08977fe60419 schema:issueNumber 3
107 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
108 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
109 schema:name Biological Sciences
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 anzsrc-for:0601 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
112 schema:name Biochemistry and Cell Biology
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 anzsrc-for:0605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
115 schema:name Microbiology
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
118 schema:name Plant Biology
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 sg:journal.1412877 schema:issn 1367-5435
121 1476-5535
122 schema:name Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
123 schema:publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
124 rdf:type schema:Periodical
125 sg:person.011743313242.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9619.7
126 schema:familyName Schickler
127 schema:givenName H
128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011743313242.16
129 rdf:type schema:Person
130 sg:person.014133145547.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9619.7
131 schema:familyName Chet
132 schema:givenName I
133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014133145547.89
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00018455 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038593005
136 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00018455
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01310952 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032056209
139 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01310952
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01974086 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016127370
142 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01974086
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02825358 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023111525
145 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02825358
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 sg:pub.10.1038/324365a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013176934
148 https://doi.org/10.1038/324365a0
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 sg:pub.10.1038/nbt0596-643 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043234211
151 https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0596-643
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 grid-institutes:grid.9619.7 schema:alternateName Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL
154 schema:name Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel, IL
155 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...