Decrease of plasma apolipoprotein A-IV during weight reduction in obese adolescents on a low fat diet View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-11

AUTHORS

A Lingenhel, C Eder, F Kronenberg, H Stangl, K Zwiauer, W Patsch, W Strobl

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is an antiatherogenic apolipoprotein, which may be involved in the regulation of food intake. Plasma apoA-IV is elevated in human obesity and apoA-IV polymorphisms have been associated with the extent of obesity. Our aim was to determine the effects of weight loss on plasma apo-IV in obese adolescents and to examine the relation of apoA-IV with the degree of obesity. DESIGN: Longitudinal intervention study of a low fat hypocaloric diet conducted in a dietary camp. SUBJECTS: Two groups of obese adolescents (n=47 and n=29), age: 12.7+/-1.7 and 11.7+/-2.6 y, relative body mass index (RBMI): 168+/-24 and 175+/-34%, respectively. MEASUREMENTS: Plasma total apoA-IV, apoA-I, apoB, plasma distribution of apoA-IV, leptin, lipids, and lipoproteins before and after 3 weeks of weight reduction. RESULTS: Plasma apoA-IV decreased from 11.5+/-4.1 mg/dl before to 6.7+/-2.2 mg/dl after weight reduction in the first group (P<0.001) and to a similar extent in the second group. The relative amount of lipid-free apoA-IV and apoA-IV associated with apoA-I increased slightly, whereas apoA-IV associated with lipoproteins devoid of apoA-I decreased. ApoA-IV levels before and after weight reduction and the changes in plasma apoA-IV did not independently correlate with RBMI, weight loss, or plasma leptin. CONCLUSION: Plasma apoA-IV decreases markedly in overweight adolescents undergoing short-term weight reduction. The decrease is not directly related to the degree of weight loss and the mechanisms underlying this reduction remain to be clarified. More... »

PAGES

1509

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0802789

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802789

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043040866

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15356672


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52 schema:description OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is an antiatherogenic apolipoprotein, which may be involved in the regulation of food intake. Plasma apoA-IV is elevated in human obesity and apoA-IV polymorphisms have been associated with the extent of obesity. Our aim was to determine the effects of weight loss on plasma apo-IV in obese adolescents and to examine the relation of apoA-IV with the degree of obesity. DESIGN: Longitudinal intervention study of a low fat hypocaloric diet conducted in a dietary camp. SUBJECTS: Two groups of obese adolescents (n=47 and n=29), age: 12.7+/-1.7 and 11.7+/-2.6 y, relative body mass index (RBMI): 168+/-24 and 175+/-34%, respectively. MEASUREMENTS: Plasma total apoA-IV, apoA-I, apoB, plasma distribution of apoA-IV, leptin, lipids, and lipoproteins before and after 3 weeks of weight reduction. RESULTS: Plasma apoA-IV decreased from 11.5+/-4.1 mg/dl before to 6.7+/-2.2 mg/dl after weight reduction in the first group (P<0.001) and to a similar extent in the second group. The relative amount of lipid-free apoA-IV and apoA-IV associated with apoA-I increased slightly, whereas apoA-IV associated with lipoproteins devoid of apoA-I decreased. ApoA-IV levels before and after weight reduction and the changes in plasma apoA-IV did not independently correlate with RBMI, weight loss, or plasma leptin. CONCLUSION: Plasma apoA-IV decreases markedly in overweight adolescents undergoing short-term weight reduction. The decrease is not directly related to the degree of weight loss and the mechanisms underlying this reduction remain to be clarified.
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