School-based obesity prevention in Chilean primary school children: methodology and evaluation of a controlled study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-04

AUTHORS

J Kain, R Uauy, Albala, F Vio, R Cerda, B Leyton

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a 6 months nutrition education and physical activity intervention on primary school children through changes in adiposity and physical fitness. DESIGN: Longitudinal school-based controlled evaluation study. SUBJECTS: Children from 1st to 8th grade, 2141 in intervention and 945 in control schools. INTERVENTION: Nutrition education for children and parents, 'healthier' kiosks, 90 min of additional physical activity (PA) weekly, behavioral PA program and active recess. MEASUREMENTS: Adiposity indices (BMI, BMI Z-score, triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), waist circumference and physical fitness (20 m shuttle run test and lower back flexibility). RESULTS: Positive effect on adiposity indices (except TSF) was observed in boys (P<0.001 for BMI Z), while both physical fitness parameters increased significantly in both boys (P<0.001 for each test) and girls (P<0.0001 for each test). A differential effect in BMI Z was observed according to baseline nutritional status. CONCLUSIONS: This intervention showed a robust effect on physical fitness in both genders and decreased adiposity only in boys. More... »

PAGES

0802611

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0802611

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802611

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018815227

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14993915


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