Dietary obesity-resistance and muscle oxidative enzyme activities of the fast-twitch fibre dominant rat View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-05-30

AUTHORS

M Suwa, S Kumagai, Y Higaki, T Nakamura, S Katsuta

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To clarify whether the muscle fibre composition and/or muscle oxidative enzyme activity are related to dietary body weight gain and abdominal fat accumulation.Methods: Genetically fast-twitch fibre dominant rats (FFDR) and control rats (CR) were divided into low-fat (20% of energy from fat) or high-fat (60% of energy from fat) diet groups: CR with a low-fat diet (CL); CR with a high-fat diet (CH); FFDR with a low-fat diet (FL); and FFDR with a high-fat diet (FH). After 6 weeks of following such diets, the body weight gain, abdominal fat content, food intake, muscle fibre composition and oxidative enzyme activities were estimated.Results: The total body weight gain in CH was from 18 to 62% higher than in the other groups (P<0.05) and percentage abdominal fat in CH was also from 26 to 61% higher than in the other groups (P<0.05), while the energy intake did not differ among the groups. The percentage of type IIX fibres of M. gastrocnemius in FL (33.4%) and FH (36.3%) were higher than in CL (16.8%) and CH (19.8%; P<0.05), and the type IIA fibres of M. soleus in FL (14.1%) and FH (11.8%) were higher than in CL (2.0%) and CH (3.5%; P<0.05). The citrate synthase (CS) activity of of M. plantaris in FL and FH were higher than CL (46 and 54%, respectively, P<0.05). β-Hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (HAD) activity in FL and FH were higher than in CL (21 and 31%, respectively, P<0.05) and that in FH was higher than CH (23%, P<0.05). On the other hand, the enzyme activities of M. gastrocnemius and soleus were identical among the groups.Conclusion: The FFDR was more obesity-resistant than the CR after a high-fat diet. These results suggest that the muscle oxidative capacity rather than muscle fibre composition is a possible determinant of obesity. More... »

PAGES

830-837

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0802007

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802007

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034922601

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12037654


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