Increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among Spanish adults, 1987–1997 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-12

AUTHORS

JL Gutiérrez-Fisac, JL Banegas Banegas, F Rodríguez Artalejo, E Regidor

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the trend in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in Spanish men and women 25-64 y of age between 1987 and 1997. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys of representative samples of the non-institutionalized population in Spain in 1987, 1995 and 1997. SUBJECTS: 14,676 and 7004 adults aged 25-64 who were representative of the Spanish population in 1987 and 1995/1997. MEASURES: Body mass index (BMI) calculated from self-reported weight and height. Overweight is defined as BMI = 27-29.9 kg/m2 and obesity as BMI > or = 30 kg/m2. RESULTS: Between 1987 and 1995/97, the prevalence of overweight in the Spanish population aged 25-64 increased by 2.2% (P < 0.01); the increase was greater in men (3.8%; P < 0.01) than in women (0.6%; P > 0.05). The largest increases in the prevalence of overweight were seen in men (5.2%; P < 0.01) and women (2.3%; P < 0.05) aged 25-34. During the same period, the prevalence of obesity increased by 3.9% (P < 0.01), 4.6% in men (P < 0.01) and 3.2% in women (P < 0.01). The largest increases were seen in men aged 45-54 (6.5%, P < 0.01) and in women aged 25-34 (2.2%, P < 0.05). By educational level, the prevalence of overweight increased significantly in men with fewer than 12 y of education (4.7%, P < 0.01). Obesity increased by 4.6% (P < 0.01) and by 4.9% (P < 0.01) in men and women with fewer than 12 y of education, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in Spain, the same as it is in other developed countries. The increase, which is found in most age and sex groups in the population, especially affects middle-aged men, young women and persons with lower educational level. The causes of the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity are likely to be multifactorial. More... »

PAGES

0801445

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0801445

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801445

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030514560

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11126223


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56 schema:description OBJECTIVE: To study the trend in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in Spanish men and women 25-64 y of age between 1987 and 1997. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys of representative samples of the non-institutionalized population in Spain in 1987, 1995 and 1997. SUBJECTS: 14,676 and 7004 adults aged 25-64 who were representative of the Spanish population in 1987 and 1995/1997. MEASURES: Body mass index (BMI) calculated from self-reported weight and height. Overweight is defined as BMI = 27-29.9 kg/m2 and obesity as BMI > or = 30 kg/m2. RESULTS: Between 1987 and 1995/97, the prevalence of overweight in the Spanish population aged 25-64 increased by 2.2% (P < 0.01); the increase was greater in men (3.8%; P < 0.01) than in women (0.6%; P > 0.05). The largest increases in the prevalence of overweight were seen in men (5.2%; P < 0.01) and women (2.3%; P < 0.05) aged 25-34. During the same period, the prevalence of obesity increased by 3.9% (P < 0.01), 4.6% in men (P < 0.01) and 3.2% in women (P < 0.01). The largest increases were seen in men aged 45-54 (6.5%, P < 0.01) and in women aged 25-34 (2.2%, P < 0.05). By educational level, the prevalence of overweight increased significantly in men with fewer than 12 y of education (4.7%, P < 0.01). Obesity increased by 4.6% (P < 0.01) and by 4.9% (P < 0.01) in men and women with fewer than 12 y of education, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in Spain, the same as it is in other developed countries. The increase, which is found in most age and sex groups in the population, especially affects middle-aged men, young women and persons with lower educational level. The causes of the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity are likely to be multifactorial.
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