Uptake and trafficking of DNA in keratinocytes: evidence for DNA-binding proteins View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-05

AUTHORS

E Basner-Tschakarjan, A Mirmohammadsadegh, A Baer, U R Hengge

ABSTRACT

The skin is an interesting organ for human gene therapy due to accessibility, immunologic potential and synthesis capabilities. In this study, we attempted to visualize and measure the uptake of naked FITC-labeled plasmid by FACS analysis detecting up to 15% internalization in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Cycloheximide treatment inhibited the uptake by >90%, suggesting a protein-mediated uptake. The inhibition of different internalization pathways demonstrated that blocking macropinocytosis (by amiloride and N,N-dimethylamylorid) reduced DNA uptake by >85%, while the inhibition of clathrin-coated pits (by chlorpromazine) and caveolae (by nystatin/filipin III) did not limit the uptake. Colocalization studies using confocal laser microscopy revealed a time-dependent accumulation of plasmid DNA in endosomes and lysosomes. When a green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression vector was used, specific GFP-RNA became detectable by reverse transcriptase-PCR, whereas measurable amounts of protein could not be identified in FACS experiments. To detect the potential DNA receptors on the keratinocyte surface, membrane proteins were extracted and subjected to South-Western blotting using digoxigenin-labeled calf thymus and lambda-phage DNA. Two DNA-binding proteins, ezrin and moesin, known as plasma membrane-actin linkers, were identified by one- and two-dimensional-South-Western blots and matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization-mass spectrometry. Ezrin and moesin are functionally associated with a number of transmembrane receptors such as the EGF, CD44 or ICAM-1 receptor. Taken together, naked plasmid DNA seems to enter human keratinocytes through different pathways, mainly by macropinocytosis. Two DNA-binding proteins were identified that seemed to be involved in binding/trafficking of internalized DNA. More... »

PAGES

3302221

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.gt.3302221

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3302221

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013485652

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14724668


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