Transient control of a virus-induced immunopathology by genetic immunosuppression View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-09

AUTHORS

O Boyer, J L Cohen, B Bellier, V Thomas-Vaslin, D Klatzmann, M-F Saron

ABSTRACT

The ability to control T cell reactivity using suicide genes opens new perspectives for the treatment of T cell-mediated diseases. The therapeutic effect is achieved by the selective killing of thymidine kinase gene-modified activated T cells by ganciclovir (GCV). This strategy has been shown to control T cell alloreactivity efficiently after bone marrow or solid organ transplantation. Here, we aimed to determine whether an immunopathological process induced by a viral infection could be controlled by GCV when T cells express a thymidine kinase transgene. When transgenic mice were infected with the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, administration of GCV resulted in an efficient, but only transient, control of the immunopathological immune response. Further analysis revealed the existence of a minute population of GCV-insensitive T cells. These cells expand in response to the virus despite the presence of GCV and cause immunopathology before viral elimination is finally obtained. Thus, when confronted with a replicative virus, the efficacy of this genetic immunosuppression strategy is highly dependent on the presence of even small numbers of GCV-insensitive cells. These results emphasize the need for sufficient preclinical investigations with regard to the pathology and the nature of the immune response if suicide gene transfer is envisioned for new therapeutic indications. More... »

PAGES

1536

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.gt.3301276

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3301276

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025927004

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11021591


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