Long-term expression of human alpha1-antitrypsin gene in mouse liver achieved by intravenous administration of plasmid DNA using a hydrodynamics-based procedure View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-08

AUTHORS

G Zhang, YK Song, D Liu

ABSTRACT

The liver is an important target organ for gene transfer due to its large capacity for synthesizing serum proteins and its involvement in numerous genetic and acquired diseases. Previously, we and others have shown that an efficient gene transfer to liver cells in vivo can be achieved by an intravenous injection of plasmid DNA using a hydrodynamics-based procedure. In this study, we systematically characterized the expression of transgene encoding a secretory protein in mouse. Using human alpha1-antitrypsin (hAAT) gene as a reporter, we demonstrate that the serum level of hAAT can reach as high as 0.5 mg/ml by a simple tail vein injection of 10-50 microg plasmid DNA into a mouse. The serum hAAT reaches the peak level 1 day after DNA injection and then declines during the following 2 to 4 weeks to 2-5 microg/ml, a level which persists for at least 6 months. Southern analysis of extracted DNA and RT-PCR analysis of RNA from the liver reveal that hAAT gene is active and present as episomal form after 6 months. These results suggest that the hydrodynamics-based transfection procedure provides a valuable tool for screening genes for therapeutic purposes in whole animals. More... »

PAGES

3301229

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.gt.3301229

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3301229

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006054138

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10918507


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57 schema:description The liver is an important target organ for gene transfer due to its large capacity for synthesizing serum proteins and its involvement in numerous genetic and acquired diseases. Previously, we and others have shown that an efficient gene transfer to liver cells in vivo can be achieved by an intravenous injection of plasmid DNA using a hydrodynamics-based procedure. In this study, we systematically characterized the expression of transgene encoding a secretory protein in mouse. Using human alpha1-antitrypsin (hAAT) gene as a reporter, we demonstrate that the serum level of hAAT can reach as high as 0.5 mg/ml by a simple tail vein injection of 10-50 microg plasmid DNA into a mouse. The serum hAAT reaches the peak level 1 day after DNA injection and then declines during the following 2 to 4 weeks to 2-5 microg/ml, a level which persists for at least 6 months. Southern analysis of extracted DNA and RT-PCR analysis of RNA from the liver reveal that hAAT gene is active and present as episomal form after 6 months. These results suggest that the hydrodynamics-based transfection procedure provides a valuable tool for screening genes for therapeutic purposes in whole animals.
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