Varicella-zoster virus thymidine kinase gene and antiherpetic pyrimidine nucleoside analogues in a combined gene/chemotherapy treatment for cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1997-10

AUTHORS

B Degrève, G Andrei, M Izquierdo, J Piette, K Morin, E E Knaus, L I Wiebe, I Basrah, R T Walker, E De Clercq, J Balzarini

ABSTRACT

Ten pyrimidine nucleoside analogues, including (B)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU) and closely related analogues, were evaluated for their cytostatic activity against human osteosarcoma cells transfected with the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) thymidine kinase (tk) (ATP:thymidine 5' phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.2.21) gene. (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil (BVaraU), (E)-5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil (IVFAU) and (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxy-4'-thiouridine (S-BVDU) were among the most potent inhibitors of VZVtk gene-transfected cell proliferation. They displayed an inhibitory activity at drug concentrations that were up to four orders of magnitude lower than those required to inhibit the corresponding nontransfected tumor cells. Inhibition of cellular DNA polymerase and/or incorporation of the drugs into cellular DNA may be a likely target for the cytostatic activity of the BVDU derivatives against the VZVtk gene-transfected tumor cells. These compounds were approximately 40- to 80-fold more potent cytostatic agents in VZVtk gene-transfected cells than the anti-VZV compound 6-methoxy-9-beta-D-arabinofuranosylpurine (araM), and at least five- to 50-fold more cytostatic than ganciclovir in HSV-1tk gene-transfected murine mammary carcinoma FM3A cells. In addition, the intrinsic resistance of BVaraU, IVFAU and S-BVDU to glycosidic bond cleavage by mammalian dThd phosphorylases makes them promising candidate compounds for the treatment of VZVtk gene-transfected tumors in vivo. More... »

PAGES

1107

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.gt.3300502

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3300502

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037713568

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9415318


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