Novel mutations in BCOR in three patients with oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome, but none in Lenz microphthalmia syndrome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-05

AUTHORS

Denise Horn, Magdalena Chyrek, Saskia Kleier, Sabine Lüttgen, Hanno Bolz, Georg-Klaus Hinkel, Georg Christoph Korenke, Angelika Rieß, Can Schell-Apacik, Sigrid Tinschert, Dagmar Wieczorek, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Kerstin Kutsche

ABSTRACT

Oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant condition with male lethality characterized by microphthalmia, congenital cataracts, facial dysmorphic features, congenital heart defects, and dental anomalies. Mutations in BCOR (BCL6 co-repressor) located in Xp11.4 have been described to cause OFCD syndrome. Lenz microphthalmia syndrome is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern comprising microphthalmia/anophthalmia, mental retardation, malformed ears, digital, skeletal, and urogenital anomalies (synonym: microphthalmia with associated anomalies (MAA)). One locus for MAA has been mapped to Xq27-q28. Nonetheless, linkage and subsequent mutation analysis revealed a single missense mutation (p.P85L) in BCOR in a large family with presumed Lenz microphthalmia syndrome (MAA2). We describe novel mutations in BCOR in three patients with OFCD syndrome, two small deletions (c.2488_2489delAG and c.3286delG) and a submicroscopic deletion of about 60 kb encompassing at least BCOR exons 2-15. No BCOR mutation was detected in eight patients with Lenz microphthalmia syndrome. Our data confirm that BCOR is the causative gene for OFCD syndrome; however, the failure to identify any mutation in patients with Lenz microphthalmia syndrome together with the oligosymptomatic phenotype in the reported MAA2 patients suggest that BCOR is not the major gene for this syndrome. More... »

PAGES

5201391

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201391

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201391

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049824915

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15770227


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42 schema:description Oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant condition with male lethality characterized by microphthalmia, congenital cataracts, facial dysmorphic features, congenital heart defects, and dental anomalies. Mutations in BCOR (BCL6 co-repressor) located in Xp11.4 have been described to cause OFCD syndrome. Lenz microphthalmia syndrome is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern comprising microphthalmia/anophthalmia, mental retardation, malformed ears, digital, skeletal, and urogenital anomalies (synonym: microphthalmia with associated anomalies (MAA)). One locus for MAA has been mapped to Xq27-q28. Nonetheless, linkage and subsequent mutation analysis revealed a single missense mutation (p.P85L) in BCOR in a large family with presumed Lenz microphthalmia syndrome (MAA2). We describe novel mutations in BCOR in three patients with OFCD syndrome, two small deletions (c.2488_2489delAG and c.3286delG) and a submicroscopic deletion of about 60 kb encompassing at least BCOR exons 2-15. No BCOR mutation was detected in eight patients with Lenz microphthalmia syndrome. Our data confirm that BCOR is the causative gene for OFCD syndrome; however, the failure to identify any mutation in patients with Lenz microphthalmia syndrome together with the oligosymptomatic phenotype in the reported MAA2 patients suggest that BCOR is not the major gene for this syndrome.
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