Epidemiology of anemia among 4- to 17-month-old children living in south central Nepal View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2006-02

AUTHORS

E H Siegel, R J Stoltzfus, S K Khatry, S C LeClerq, J Katz, J M Tielsch

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in Nepali children living in the Terai region by potential risk factors for deficiency. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study of baseline characteristics of children enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial between January and March 2002. Participants were weighed and measured and had their blood drawn. Their mothers contributed demographic, morbidity, and feeding data. SUBJECTS: There were 569 4- to 17-month-old children. Statistical models were based on 490 children. RESULTS: Anemia was prevalent: 58% of the children had a hemoglobin <105 g/l. Iron-deficiency anemia (anemia with erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP) > or =90 micromol/mol heme) was present in 43% of the children. Severe anemia was rare: less than 2% of the children had a hemoglobin <70 g/l. The mean (s.d.) hemoglobin concentration was 101 (12.5) g/l. Stunting and wasting were prevalent: 30.8% were stunted (length-for-age Z-score <-2) and 18.1% were wasted (weight-for-length Z-score <-2). Bivariate analyses revealed that age, caste, socioeconomic status, dietary diversity, stunting, and underweight were associated with hemoglobin concentration and/or anemia. In multivariate models with and without EP, age and caste were found to be strong predictors of both hemoglobin concentration and anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia and iron deficiency increased strongly with age and low-caste status among the study children. The data reveal the importance of targeting interventions to children in the first year of life before they become anemic and iron deficient. More... »

PAGES

228

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997-08. Factors affecting iron stores in infants 4–18 months of age in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 1997-07. Infant feeding practices reflect antecedent risk of xerophthalmia in Nepali children in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 1951-09. Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests in PSYCHOMETRIKA
  • 2003-01. The burden of anemia among women in India in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602306

    DOI

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    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16234835


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    45 schema:description OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in Nepali children living in the Terai region by potential risk factors for deficiency. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study of baseline characteristics of children enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial between January and March 2002. Participants were weighed and measured and had their blood drawn. Their mothers contributed demographic, morbidity, and feeding data. SUBJECTS: There were 569 4- to 17-month-old children. Statistical models were based on 490 children. RESULTS: Anemia was prevalent: 58% of the children had a hemoglobin <105 g/l. Iron-deficiency anemia (anemia with erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP) > or =90 micromol/mol heme) was present in 43% of the children. Severe anemia was rare: less than 2% of the children had a hemoglobin <70 g/l. The mean (s.d.) hemoglobin concentration was 101 (12.5) g/l. Stunting and wasting were prevalent: 30.8% were stunted (length-for-age Z-score <-2) and 18.1% were wasted (weight-for-length Z-score <-2). Bivariate analyses revealed that age, caste, socioeconomic status, dietary diversity, stunting, and underweight were associated with hemoglobin concentration and/or anemia. In multivariate models with and without EP, age and caste were found to be strong predictors of both hemoglobin concentration and anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia and iron deficiency increased strongly with age and low-caste status among the study children. The data reveal the importance of targeting interventions to children in the first year of life before they become anemic and iron deficient.
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