Differences in body composition between Singapore Chinese, Beijing Chinese and Dutch children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-03

AUTHORS

P Deurenberg, M Deurenberg-Yap, L F Foo, G Schmidt, J Wang

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To compare the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) in children of different ethnic background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTINGS: The study was performed in three different locations, Singapore, Beijing and Wageningen (The Netherlands). SUBJECTS: In each centre 25 boys and 25 girls, aged 7-12 y, were selected. They were matched on age, sex and body height. METHODS: Body weight and body height was measured following standardized procedures. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight/height squared (kg/m(2)). Body fat was measured by densitometry in Beijing and Wageningen and by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in Singapore. The DXA measurements in Singapore were validated against densitometry. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in BF% or BMI within each gender group across the three study sites. However, after controlling for (non-significant) differences in age and BF%, the Singapore children had a lower (mean+/-s.e.) BMI (15.6+/-0.3) than the Beijing 17.6+/-0.3) and Wageningen (16.9+/-0.3) children. For the same BMI, age and sex the Singapore children had a significant higher BF% (24.6+/-0.7) than the Beijing (19.2+/-0.8) and Wageningen (20.3+/-0.7) children. CONCLUSIONS: The study strongly suggests that the relationship between BF% and BMI (or weight and height) is different among children of different ethnic background. Consequently growth charts and BMI cut-off points for underweight, overweight and obesity in children may have to be ethnic-specific. More... »

PAGES

1601569

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601569

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601569

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049074072

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12627175


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46 schema:description OBJECTIVES: To compare the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) in children of different ethnic background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTINGS: The study was performed in three different locations, Singapore, Beijing and Wageningen (The Netherlands). SUBJECTS: In each centre 25 boys and 25 girls, aged 7-12 y, were selected. They were matched on age, sex and body height. METHODS: Body weight and body height was measured following standardized procedures. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight/height squared (kg/m(2)). Body fat was measured by densitometry in Beijing and Wageningen and by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in Singapore. The DXA measurements in Singapore were validated against densitometry. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in BF% or BMI within each gender group across the three study sites. However, after controlling for (non-significant) differences in age and BF%, the Singapore children had a lower (mean+/-s.e.) BMI (15.6+/-0.3) than the Beijing 17.6+/-0.3) and Wageningen (16.9+/-0.3) children. For the same BMI, age and sex the Singapore children had a significant higher BF% (24.6+/-0.7) than the Beijing (19.2+/-0.8) and Wageningen (20.3+/-0.7) children. CONCLUSIONS: The study strongly suggests that the relationship between BF% and BMI (or weight and height) is different among children of different ethnic background. Consequently growth charts and BMI cut-off points for underweight, overweight and obesity in children may have to be ethnic-specific.
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