Development and validation of a computerized algorithm for International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-03

AUTHORS

K Walden, L M Bélanger, F Biering-Sørensen, S P Burns, E Echeverria, S Kirshblum, R J Marino, V K Noonan, S E Park, R K Reeves, W Waring, M F Dvorak

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Validation study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and validation of a computerized application of the international standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury (ISNCSCI). SETTING: Data from acute and rehabilitation care. METHODS: The Rick Hansen Institute-ISNCSCI Algorithm (RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm) was developed based on the 2011 version of the ISNCSCI and the 2013 version of the worksheet. International experts developed the design and logic with a focus on usability and features to standardize the correct classification of challenging cases. A five-phased process was used to develop and validate the algorithm. Discrepancies between the clinician-derived and algorithm-calculated results were reconciled. RESULTS: Phase one of the validation used 48 cases to develop the logic. Phase three used these and 15 additional cases for further logic development to classify cases with 'Not testable' values. For logic testing in phases two and four, 351 and 1998 cases from the Rick Hansen SCI Registry (RHSCIR), respectively, were used. Of 23 and 286 discrepant cases identified in phases two and four, 2 and 6 cases resulted in changes to the algorithm. Cross-validation of the algorithm in phase five using 108 new RHSCIR cases did not identify the need for any further changes, as all discrepancies were due to clinician errors. The web-based application and the algorithm code are freely available at www.isncscialgorithm.com. CONCLUSION: The RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm provides a standardized method to accurately derive the level and severity of SCI from the raw data of the ISNCSCI examination. The web interface assists in maximizing usability while minimizing the impact of human error in classifying SCI. SPONSORSHIP: This study is sponsored by the Rick Hansen Institute and supported by funding from Health Canada and Western Economic Diversification Canada. More... »

PAGES

197-203

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sc.2015.137

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029095740

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26323348


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0806", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Information Systems", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Algorithms", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Internet", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Severity of Illness Index", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Software", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Spinal Cord Injuries", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rick Hansen Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1", 
          "name": [
            "Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Walden", 
        "givenName": "K", 
        "id": "sg:person.01122521763.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01122521763.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Vancouver General Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412541.7", 
          "name": [
            "Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.", 
            "Vancouver Spine Program, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "B\u00e9langer", 
        "givenName": "L M", 
        "id": "sg:person.0604106164.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604106164.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Clinic for Spinal Cord Injuries, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Havnevej, Hornbaek, Denmark."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Biering-S\u00f8rensen", 
        "givenName": "F", 
        "id": "sg:person.01062775057.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01062775057.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Washington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34477.33", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Burns", 
        "givenName": "S P", 
        "id": "sg:person.01264424366.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01264424366.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rick Hansen Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1", 
          "name": [
            "Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Echeverria", 
        "givenName": "E", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415191.9", 
          "name": [
            "Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, West Orange, NJ, USA."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kirshblum", 
        "givenName": "S", 
        "id": "sg:person.01250336405.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01250336405.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Thomas Jefferson University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265008.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marino", 
        "givenName": "R J", 
        "id": "sg:person.012310407532.69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012310407532.69"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of British Columbia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.", 
            "Department of Orthopedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Noonan", 
        "givenName": "V K", 
        "id": "sg:person.01364244657.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364244657.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rick Hansen Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1", 
          "name": [
            "Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Park", 
        "givenName": "S E", 
        "id": "sg:person.01201676502.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01201676502.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Mayo Clinic", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.66875.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Reeves", 
        "givenName": "R K", 
        "id": "sg:person.01056407601.62", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01056407601.62"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Medical College of Wisconsin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30760.32", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Waring", 
        "givenName": "W", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060354170.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060354170.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of British Columbia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Vancouver Spine Program, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.", 
            "Department of Orthopedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dvorak", 
        "givenName": "M F", 
        "id": "sg:person.01224575431.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224575431.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000196", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000941988"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3100602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003377799", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3100602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3100602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003377799", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3100602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000238", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004642563"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.175", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006288421", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2012.175"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199603010-00015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007100415"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199603010-00015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007100415"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199603010-00015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007100415"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2003.12.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009034251"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2009.98", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010467166", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2009.98"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2009.98", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010467166", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2009.98"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2014.04.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013042968"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/107902611x13186000420242", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014166948"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200112151-00014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020060469"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200112151-00014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020060469"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.07.400", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026349383"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/aws072", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026913669"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102044", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028556282", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102044"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102044", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028556282", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102044"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-52137-8.00003-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028948326"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029160899"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2011.109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046246109", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2011.109"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.149", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047139915", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2012.149"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2010.09.027", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050601250"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2014.221", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052273520", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2014.221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2008.11753649", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058372243"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2009.11754554", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058372328"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.1765", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059301359"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.2085", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059301485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1310/sci1901-31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064988597"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1682/jrrd.2004.08.0098", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068244176"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078702208", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-03-01", 
    "description": "STUDY DESIGN: Validation study.\nOBJECTIVES: To describe the development and validation of a computerized application of the international standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury (ISNCSCI).\nSETTING: Data from acute and rehabilitation care.\nMETHODS: The Rick Hansen Institute-ISNCSCI Algorithm (RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm) was developed based on the 2011 version of the ISNCSCI and the 2013 version of the worksheet. International experts developed the design and logic with a focus on usability and features to standardize the correct classification of challenging cases. A five-phased process was used to develop and validate the algorithm. Discrepancies between the clinician-derived and algorithm-calculated results were reconciled.\nRESULTS: Phase one of the validation used 48 cases to develop the logic. Phase three used these and 15 additional cases for further logic development to classify cases with 'Not testable' values. For logic testing in phases two and four, 351 and 1998 cases from the Rick Hansen SCI Registry (RHSCIR), respectively, were used. Of 23 and 286 discrepant cases identified in phases two and four, 2 and 6 cases resulted in changes to the algorithm. Cross-validation of the algorithm in phase five using 108 new RHSCIR cases did not identify the need for any further changes, as all discrepancies were due to clinician errors. The web-based application and the algorithm code are freely available at www.isncscialgorithm.com.\nCONCLUSION: The RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm provides a standardized method to accurately derive the level and severity of SCI from the raw data of the ISNCSCI examination. The web interface assists in maximizing usability while minimizing the impact of human error in classifying SCI.\nSPONSORSHIP: This study is sponsored by the Rick Hansen Institute and supported by funding from Health Canada and Western Economic Diversification Canada.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1077060", 
        "issn": [
          "1362-4393", 
          "1476-5624"
        ], 
        "name": "Spinal Cord", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "54"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Development and validation of a computerized algorithm for International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI)", 
    "pagination": "197-203", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8a9b5ab71438d90b4b1b41d9e5a44a11cd619b203fee8b10649586b07e24ce1d"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "26323348"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9609749"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/sc.2015.137"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1029095740"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2015.137", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029095740"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:34", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000425.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/sc/journal/v54/n3/full/sc2015137a.html"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

283 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      62 URIs      27 LITERALS      15 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2015.137 schema:about N0c4760534e814413a5131ebd937b8a5a
2 N3682aa3cbe2443d59edd6b953e59534c
3 N41af762a40614d2d84d8c9c0d33c9ca3
4 N8bee2c27b3624305b8b6e70369788333
5 Nc25860cd40204ecd97650d315ceaa94f
6 Ne4f32caa63e84a3dbf5cc8358cc0ba8d
7 anzsrc-for:08
8 anzsrc-for:0806
9 schema:author N6f5421696cc64042ab281fb688ac2aab
10 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2009.98
11 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2011.109
12 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.149
13 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.175
14 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2014.221
15 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3100602
16 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102007
17 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102044
18 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078702208
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-52137-8.00003-6
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.026
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2010.09.027
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.07.400
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2014.04.001
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2003.12.006
25 https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2008.11753649
26 https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2009.11754554
27 https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.1765
28 https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.2085
29 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/aws072
30 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199603010-00015
31 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200112151-00014
32 https://doi.org/10.1179/107902611x13186000420242
33 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000196
34 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000238
35 https://doi.org/10.1310/sci1901-31
36 https://doi.org/10.1682/jrrd.2004.08.0098
37 schema:datePublished 2016-03
38 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-03-01
39 schema:description STUDY DESIGN: Validation study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and validation of a computerized application of the international standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury (ISNCSCI). SETTING: Data from acute and rehabilitation care. METHODS: The Rick Hansen Institute-ISNCSCI Algorithm (RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm) was developed based on the 2011 version of the ISNCSCI and the 2013 version of the worksheet. International experts developed the design and logic with a focus on usability and features to standardize the correct classification of challenging cases. A five-phased process was used to develop and validate the algorithm. Discrepancies between the clinician-derived and algorithm-calculated results were reconciled. RESULTS: Phase one of the validation used 48 cases to develop the logic. Phase three used these and 15 additional cases for further logic development to classify cases with 'Not testable' values. For logic testing in phases two and four, 351 and 1998 cases from the Rick Hansen SCI Registry (RHSCIR), respectively, were used. Of 23 and 286 discrepant cases identified in phases two and four, 2 and 6 cases resulted in changes to the algorithm. Cross-validation of the algorithm in phase five using 108 new RHSCIR cases did not identify the need for any further changes, as all discrepancies were due to clinician errors. The web-based application and the algorithm code are freely available at www.isncscialgorithm.com. CONCLUSION: The RHI-ISNCSCI Algorithm provides a standardized method to accurately derive the level and severity of SCI from the raw data of the ISNCSCI examination. The web interface assists in maximizing usability while minimizing the impact of human error in classifying SCI. SPONSORSHIP: This study is sponsored by the Rick Hansen Institute and supported by funding from Health Canada and Western Economic Diversification Canada.
40 schema:genre research_article
41 schema:inLanguage en
42 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
43 schema:isPartOf N11eeb6e4ce0a4b188a593f1caad5f02e
44 Nb65e32cddf6445c4992ff66c5a997e1e
45 sg:journal.1077060
46 schema:name Development and validation of a computerized algorithm for International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI)
47 schema:pagination 197-203
48 schema:productId N1e8801271b4c49d08838f193d3b28da2
49 N421374f50db843b68bda8adf46942389
50 N4be09df0f1d5401e8d0ad370ff0dd729
51 N57536bfe44094ceeb04d11e7425c4c80
52 N765308d78444485dacffb941c79de445
53 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029095740
54 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2015.137
55 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:34
56 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
57 schema:sdPublisher N57f3323f63d441ba82d68ee9dcb5395c
58 schema:url http://www.nature.com/sc/journal/v54/n3/full/sc2015137a.html
59 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
60 sgo:sdDataset articles
61 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
62 N0c4760534e814413a5131ebd937b8a5a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
63 schema:name Internet
64 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
65 N11eeb6e4ce0a4b188a593f1caad5f02e schema:volumeNumber 54
66 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
67 N15a86fe313f0466c95e3f9670be4ebaa rdf:first N2489bb9a6759458da5ee0e1abd6a911d
68 rdf:rest Nefd07f0e73fd421ba96e9d06e5dd4079
69 N1e8801271b4c49d08838f193d3b28da2 schema:name dimensions_id
70 schema:value pub.1029095740
71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
72 N21645f821c5b4810b86f2ae16c194c37 rdf:first sg:person.01264424366.27
73 rdf:rest N15a86fe313f0466c95e3f9670be4ebaa
74 N242f8879994b4610a07abaa6d0f23b31 schema:name Clinic for Spinal Cord Injuries, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Havnevej, Hornbaek, Denmark.
75 rdf:type schema:Organization
76 N2489bb9a6759458da5ee0e1abd6a911d schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1
77 schema:familyName Echeverria
78 schema:givenName E
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 N3682aa3cbe2443d59edd6b953e59534c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Humans
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N41af762a40614d2d84d8c9c0d33c9ca3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name Software
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N421374f50db843b68bda8adf46942389 schema:name readcube_id
87 schema:value 8a9b5ab71438d90b4b1b41d9e5a44a11cd619b203fee8b10649586b07e24ce1d
88 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
89 N4be09df0f1d5401e8d0ad370ff0dd729 schema:name doi
90 schema:value 10.1038/sc.2015.137
91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
92 N57536bfe44094ceeb04d11e7425c4c80 schema:name nlm_unique_id
93 schema:value 9609749
94 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
95 N57f3323f63d441ba82d68ee9dcb5395c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
96 rdf:type schema:Organization
97 N6e69dec6a3f24916800443826f86d62f rdf:first sg:person.01364244657.54
98 rdf:rest Ne3b1e7e417bd48e396c27ae9094a9dc4
99 N6f5421696cc64042ab281fb688ac2aab rdf:first sg:person.01122521763.04
100 rdf:rest N72e624840715426f9af23520a9cbbf6c
101 N72e624840715426f9af23520a9cbbf6c rdf:first sg:person.0604106164.24
102 rdf:rest Ne19aa8532ddd4f9ab46669d725c5e7c1
103 N765308d78444485dacffb941c79de445 schema:name pubmed_id
104 schema:value 26323348
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 N8bee2c27b3624305b8b6e70369788333 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Severity of Illness Index
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 Nb65e32cddf6445c4992ff66c5a997e1e schema:issueNumber 3
110 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
111 Nbfc3c8657cee4a2c828da7773c2c6846 rdf:first sg:person.01060354170.72
112 rdf:rest Ncfefd721462b42de904babfd6276ffe5
113 Nc25860cd40204ecd97650d315ceaa94f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
114 schema:name Algorithms
115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
116 Ncfefd721462b42de904babfd6276ffe5 rdf:first sg:person.01224575431.91
117 rdf:rest rdf:nil
118 Nd4b6bb01a1d8436a86c0644ddf9471db rdf:first sg:person.01056407601.62
119 rdf:rest Nbfc3c8657cee4a2c828da7773c2c6846
120 Ne19aa8532ddd4f9ab46669d725c5e7c1 rdf:first sg:person.01062775057.23
121 rdf:rest N21645f821c5b4810b86f2ae16c194c37
122 Ne3b1e7e417bd48e396c27ae9094a9dc4 rdf:first sg:person.01201676502.78
123 rdf:rest Nd4b6bb01a1d8436a86c0644ddf9471db
124 Ne4f32caa63e84a3dbf5cc8358cc0ba8d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Spinal Cord Injuries
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 Nefd07f0e73fd421ba96e9d06e5dd4079 rdf:first sg:person.01250336405.19
128 rdf:rest Nf13b4de5334a4e3d862bd67212dd631f
129 Nf13b4de5334a4e3d862bd67212dd631f rdf:first sg:person.012310407532.69
130 rdf:rest N6e69dec6a3f24916800443826f86d62f
131 anzsrc-for:08 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
132 schema:name Information and Computing Sciences
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 anzsrc-for:0806 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
135 schema:name Information Systems
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 sg:journal.1077060 schema:issn 1362-4393
138 1476-5624
139 schema:name Spinal Cord
140 rdf:type schema:Periodical
141 sg:person.01056407601.62 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.66875.3a
142 schema:familyName Reeves
143 schema:givenName R K
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01056407601.62
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.01060354170.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30760.32
147 schema:familyName Waring
148 schema:givenName W
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060354170.72
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.01062775057.23 schema:affiliation N242f8879994b4610a07abaa6d0f23b31
152 schema:familyName Biering-Sørensen
153 schema:givenName F
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01062775057.23
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.01122521763.04 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1
157 schema:familyName Walden
158 schema:givenName K
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01122521763.04
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:person.01201676502.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1
162 schema:familyName Park
163 schema:givenName S E
164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01201676502.78
165 rdf:type schema:Person
166 sg:person.01224575431.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e
167 schema:familyName Dvorak
168 schema:givenName M F
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224575431.91
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.012310407532.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265008.9
172 schema:familyName Marino
173 schema:givenName R J
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012310407532.69
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.01250336405.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415191.9
177 schema:familyName Kirshblum
178 schema:givenName S
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01250336405.19
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.01264424366.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34477.33
182 schema:familyName Burns
183 schema:givenName S P
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01264424366.27
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:person.01364244657.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e
187 schema:familyName Noonan
188 schema:givenName V K
189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364244657.54
190 rdf:type schema:Person
191 sg:person.0604106164.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412541.7
192 schema:familyName Bélanger
193 schema:givenName L M
194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604106164.24
195 rdf:type schema:Person
196 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2009.98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010467166
197 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2009.98
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2011.109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046246109
200 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2011.109
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047139915
203 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2012.149
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2012.175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006288421
206 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2012.175
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 sg:pub.10.1038/sc.2014.221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052273520
209 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2014.221
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3100602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003377799
212 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3100602
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438344
215 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102007
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.sc.3102044 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028556282
218 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102044
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078702208 schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-52137-8.00003-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028948326
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029160899
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2010.09.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050601250
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.07.400 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026349383
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2014.04.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013042968
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2003.12.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009034251
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2008.11753649 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058372243
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2009.11754554 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058372328
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.1765 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059301359
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.2085 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059301485
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/aws072 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026913669
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199603010-00015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007100415
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200112151-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020060469
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1179/107902611x13186000420242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014166948
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000941988
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772314y.0000000238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004642563
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1310/sci1901-31 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064988597
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1682/jrrd.2004.08.0098 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068244176
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e schema:alternateName University of British Columbia
258 schema:name Department of Orthopedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
259 Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
260 Vancouver Spine Program, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
261 rdf:type schema:Organization
262 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265008.9 schema:alternateName Thomas Jefferson University
263 schema:name Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
264 rdf:type schema:Organization
265 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30760.32 schema:alternateName Medical College of Wisconsin
266 schema:name Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
267 rdf:type schema:Organization
268 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34477.33 schema:alternateName University of Washington
269 schema:name Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
270 rdf:type schema:Organization
271 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412541.7 schema:alternateName Vancouver General Hospital
272 schema:name Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
273 Vancouver Spine Program, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
274 rdf:type schema:Organization
275 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415191.9 schema:alternateName Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation
276 schema:name Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, West Orange, NJ, USA.
277 rdf:type schema:Organization
278 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429086.1 schema:alternateName Rick Hansen Institute
279 schema:name Rick Hansen Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
280 rdf:type schema:Organization
281 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.66875.3a schema:alternateName Mayo Clinic
282 schema:name Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
283 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...