Intracrine activity involving NAD-dependent circadian steroidogenic activity governs age-associated meibomian gland dysfunction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-02-10

AUTHORS

Lena Sasaki, Yuki Hamada, Daisuke Yarimizu, Tomo Suzuki, Hiroki Nakamura, Aya Shimada, Khanh Tien Nguyen Pham, Xinyan Shao, Koki Yamamura, Tsutomu Inatomi, Hironobu Morinaga, Emi K. Nishimura, Fujimi Kudo, Ichiro Manabe, Shogo Haraguchi, Yuki Sugiura, Makoto Suematsu, Shigeru Kinoshita, Mamiko Machida, Takeshi Nakajima, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Hitoshi Okamura, Yoshiaki Yamaguchi, Takahito Miyake, Masao Doi

ABSTRACT

Canonically, hormones are produced in the endocrine organs and delivered to target tissues. However, for steroids, the concept of tissue intracrinology, whereby hormones are produced in the tissues where they exert their effect without release into circulation, has been proposed, but its role in physiology/disease remains unclear. The meibomian glands in the eyelids produce oil to prevent tear evaporation, which reduces with aging. Here, we demonstrate that (re)activation of local intracrine activity through nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent circadian 3β-hydroxyl-steroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) activity ameliorates age-associated meibomian gland dysfunction and accompanying evaporative dry eye disease. Genetic ablation of 3β-HSD nullified local steroidogenesis and led to atrophy of the meibomian gland. Conversely, reactivation of 3β-HSD activity by boosting its coenzyme NAD+ availability improved glandular cell proliferation and alleviated the dry eye disease phenotype. Both women and men express 3β-HSD in the meibomian gland. Enhancing local steroidogenesis may help combat age-associated meibomian gland dysfunction. More... »

PAGES

105-114

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43587-021-00167-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43587-021-00167-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1145427621


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