Impacts may provide heat for aqueous alteration and organic solid formation on asteroid parent bodies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-05-18

AUTHORS

Minami Yasui, Taku Tazawa, Ryohei Hashimoto, Masahiko Arakawa, Kazunori Ogawa

ABSTRACT

Chemical reactions on asteroid parent bodies, such as aqueous alteration and the formation of organic solids, require a heat source. Radioactive decay in the interiors of these bodies is generally considered the most important heat source, but impact-generated heating is also likely to play a role. Here we present high-velocity impact cratering experiments using thermocouples embedded in the target material to directly measure the spatial and temporal evolution of temperature throughout each impact experiment. We find that the maximum temperature below the crater floor scales with the distance from the impact point, while the duration of temperature rise is scaled by the thermal diffusion time. We use numerical modelling to suggest that, at distances within 2 astronomical units, impacts producing craters of >20 km radius can facilitate aqueous alteration in the material below the crater, while those which produce craters of 1 km radius can support organic solid formation. More... »

PAGES

95

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138143122


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0915", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Interdisciplinary Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.31432.37", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yasui", 
        "givenName": "Minami", 
        "id": "sg:person.012355772646.60", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012355772646.60"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.31432.37", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tazawa", 
        "givenName": "Taku", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.31432.37", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hashimoto", 
        "givenName": "Ryohei", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.31432.37", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Arakawa", 
        "givenName": "Masahiko", 
        "id": "sg:person.011771234071.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011771234071.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "JAXA Space Exploration Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.62167.34", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan", 
            "JAXA Space Exploration Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ogawa", 
        "givenName": "Kazunori", 
        "id": "sg:person.0615656453.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615656453.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0505-80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002454322", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0505-80"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms6451", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049826943", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6451"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-05-18", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-05-18", 
    "description": "Chemical reactions on asteroid parent bodies, such as aqueous alteration and the formation of organic solids, require a heat source. Radioactive decay in the interiors of these bodies is generally considered the most important heat source, but impact-generated heating is also likely to play a role. Here we present high-velocity impact cratering experiments using thermocouples embedded in the target material to directly measure the spatial and temporal evolution of temperature throughout each impact experiment. We find that the maximum temperature below the crater floor scales with the distance from the impact point, while the duration of temperature rise is scaled by the thermal diffusion time. We use numerical modelling to suggest that, at distances within 2 astronomical units, impacts producing craters of >20\u2009km radius can facilitate aqueous alteration in the material below the crater, while those which produce craters of 1\u2009km radius can support organic solid formation.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5904360", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8425825", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5922122", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1363527", 
        "issn": [
          "2662-4435"
        ], 
        "name": "Communications Earth & Environment", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "2"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "asteroid parent bodies", 
      "heat source", 
      "astronomical units", 
      "high-velocity impact", 
      "solid formation", 
      "thermal diffusion time", 
      "radioactive decay", 
      "numerical modelling", 
      "impact experiments", 
      "temperature rise", 
      "parent body", 
      "diffusion time", 
      "temporal evolution", 
      "impact point", 
      "target material", 
      "maximum temperature", 
      "important heat source", 
      "radius", 
      "chemical reactions", 
      "organic solids", 
      "modelling", 
      "temperature", 
      "materials", 
      "thermocouples", 
      "distance", 
      "craters", 
      "heating", 
      "heat", 
      "decay", 
      "point", 
      "solids", 
      "experiments", 
      "interior", 
      "crater floor", 
      "formation", 
      "evolution", 
      "source", 
      "aqueous alteration", 
      "floor", 
      "impact", 
      "time", 
      "body", 
      "units", 
      "rise", 
      "reaction", 
      "duration", 
      "role", 
      "alterations"
    ], 
    "name": "Impacts may provide heat for aqueous alteration and organic solid formation on asteroid parent bodies", 
    "pagination": "95", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1138143122"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138143122"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:39", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_904.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

151 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      75 URIs      65 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0915
3 schema:author Naa22557f931c4a7b85af0bc26c227008
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms6451
5 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0505-80
6 schema:datePublished 2021-05-18
7 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-05-18
8 schema:description Chemical reactions on asteroid parent bodies, such as aqueous alteration and the formation of organic solids, require a heat source. Radioactive decay in the interiors of these bodies is generally considered the most important heat source, but impact-generated heating is also likely to play a role. Here we present high-velocity impact cratering experiments using thermocouples embedded in the target material to directly measure the spatial and temporal evolution of temperature throughout each impact experiment. We find that the maximum temperature below the crater floor scales with the distance from the impact point, while the duration of temperature rise is scaled by the thermal diffusion time. We use numerical modelling to suggest that, at distances within 2 astronomical units, impacts producing craters of >20 km radius can facilitate aqueous alteration in the material below the crater, while those which produce craters of 1 km radius can support organic solid formation.
9 schema:genre article
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
12 schema:isPartOf N09cc7c16f32745cf880aa280e381da56
13 N70e7b396806d465891af8c3f18e9a46a
14 sg:journal.1363527
15 schema:keywords alterations
16 aqueous alteration
17 asteroid parent bodies
18 astronomical units
19 body
20 chemical reactions
21 crater floor
22 craters
23 decay
24 diffusion time
25 distance
26 duration
27 evolution
28 experiments
29 floor
30 formation
31 heat
32 heat source
33 heating
34 high-velocity impact
35 impact
36 impact experiments
37 impact point
38 important heat source
39 interior
40 materials
41 maximum temperature
42 modelling
43 numerical modelling
44 organic solids
45 parent body
46 point
47 radioactive decay
48 radius
49 reaction
50 rise
51 role
52 solid formation
53 solids
54 source
55 target material
56 temperature
57 temperature rise
58 temporal evolution
59 thermal diffusion time
60 thermocouples
61 time
62 units
63 schema:name Impacts may provide heat for aqueous alteration and organic solid formation on asteroid parent bodies
64 schema:pagination 95
65 schema:productId N159210bbb9984428846694ac829bc5ae
66 N5c6d7fc475a541358c3f4e2d77bfc40a
67 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138143122
68 https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
69 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:39
70 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
71 schema:sdPublisher N81947ed582044cbba8fcb2bd5b2fdbcd
72 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
73 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
74 sgo:sdDataset articles
75 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
76 N05d7ac5c07d3427c9c500d69d24b81f3 rdf:first sg:person.0615656453.89
77 rdf:rest rdf:nil
78 N09cc7c16f32745cf880aa280e381da56 schema:issueNumber 1
79 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
80 N159210bbb9984428846694ac829bc5ae schema:name doi
81 schema:value 10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
82 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
83 N3a43fec80abe4b6a9703f589e1a836bc rdf:first Nebf50a215fee4c6790dd3d9c3c610a67
84 rdf:rest N4548543c524f4cf0badeaa5aecb3d354
85 N4548543c524f4cf0badeaa5aecb3d354 rdf:first Nd0452224fa9646ee8d6cbeab3b1637f5
86 rdf:rest N79075b8146e94b6898f47d12034cf52c
87 N5c6d7fc475a541358c3f4e2d77bfc40a schema:name dimensions_id
88 schema:value pub.1138143122
89 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
90 N70e7b396806d465891af8c3f18e9a46a schema:volumeNumber 2
91 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
92 N79075b8146e94b6898f47d12034cf52c rdf:first sg:person.011771234071.15
93 rdf:rest N05d7ac5c07d3427c9c500d69d24b81f3
94 N81947ed582044cbba8fcb2bd5b2fdbcd schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 Naa22557f931c4a7b85af0bc26c227008 rdf:first sg:person.012355772646.60
97 rdf:rest N3a43fec80abe4b6a9703f589e1a836bc
98 Nd0452224fa9646ee8d6cbeab3b1637f5 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.31432.37
99 schema:familyName Hashimoto
100 schema:givenName Ryohei
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 Nebf50a215fee4c6790dd3d9c3c610a67 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.31432.37
103 schema:familyName Tazawa
104 schema:givenName Taku
105 rdf:type schema:Person
106 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
107 schema:name Engineering
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 anzsrc-for:0915 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
110 schema:name Interdisciplinary Engineering
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 sg:grant.5904360 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
113 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
114 sg:grant.5922122 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
115 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
116 sg:grant.8425825 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s43247-021-00159-x
117 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
118 sg:journal.1363527 schema:issn 2662-4435
119 schema:name Communications Earth & Environment
120 schema:publisher Springer Nature
121 rdf:type schema:Periodical
122 sg:person.011771234071.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.31432.37
123 schema:familyName Arakawa
124 schema:givenName Masahiko
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011771234071.15
126 rdf:type schema:Person
127 sg:person.012355772646.60 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.31432.37
128 schema:familyName Yasui
129 schema:givenName Minami
130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012355772646.60
131 rdf:type schema:Person
132 sg:person.0615656453.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.62167.34
133 schema:familyName Ogawa
134 schema:givenName Kazunori
135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615656453.89
136 rdf:type schema:Person
137 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms6451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049826943
138 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6451
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0505-80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002454322
141 https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0505-80
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 grid-institutes:grid.31432.37 schema:alternateName Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
144 Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
145 schema:name Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
146 Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
147 rdf:type schema:Organization
148 grid-institutes:grid.62167.34 schema:alternateName JAXA Space Exploration Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan
149 schema:name Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
150 JAXA Space Exploration Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan
151 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...