Soil microbiomes mediate degradation of vinyl ester-based polymer composites View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-12-18

AUTHORS

Adam M. Breister, Muhammad A. Imam, Zhichao Zhou, Md Ariful Ahsan, Juan C. Noveron, Karthik Anantharaman, Pavana Prabhakar

ABSTRACT

Polymer composites are attractive for structural applications in the built environment due to their lightweight and high strength properties but suffer from degradation due to environmental factors. While abiotic factors like temperature, moisture, and ultraviolet light are well studied, little is known about the impacts of naturally occurring microbial communities on their structural integrity. Here we apply complementary time-series multi-omics of biofilms growing on polymer composites and materials characterization to elucidate the processes driving their degradation. We measured a reduction in mechanical properties due to biologically driven molecular chain breakage of esters and reconstructed 121 microbial genomes to describe microbial diversity and pathways associated with polymer composite degradation. The polymer composite microbiome is dominated by four bacterial groups including the Candidate Phyla Radiation that possess pathways for breakdown of acrylate, esters, and bisphenol, abundant in composites. We provide a foundation for understanding interactions of next-generation structural materials with their natural environment that can predict their durability and drive future designs. More... »

PAGES

101

References to SciGraph publications

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43246-020-00102-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43246-020-00102-1

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