The COVID-19 lockdowns: a window into the Earth System View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-07-29

AUTHORS

Noah S. Diffenbaugh, Christopher B. Field, Eric A. Appel, Ines L. Azevedo, Dennis D. Baldocchi, Marshall Burke, Jennifer A. Burney, Philippe Ciais, Steven J. Davis, Arlene M. Fiore, Sarah M. Fletcher, Thomas W. Hertel, Daniel E. Horton, Solomon M. Hsiang, Robert B. Jackson, Xiaomeng Jin, Margaret Levi, David B. Lobell, Galen A. McKinley, Frances C. Moore, Anastasia Montgomery, Kari C. Nadeau, Diane E. Pataki, James T. Randerson, Markus Reichstein, Jordan L. Schnell, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Deepti Singh, Allison L. Steiner, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi

ABSTRACT

Restrictions to reduce human interaction have helped to avoid greater suffering and death from the COVID-19 pandemic, but have also created socioeconomic hardship. This disruption is unprecedented in the modern era of global observing networks, pervasive sensing and large-scale tracking of human mobility and behaviour, creating a unique test bed for understanding the Earth System. In this Perspective, we hypothesize the immediate and long-term Earth System responses to COVID-19 along two multidisciplinary cascades: energy, emissions, climate and air quality; and poverty, globalization, food and biodiversity. While short-term impacts are dominated by direct effects arising from reduced human activity, longer-lasting impacts are likely to result from cascading effects of the economic recession on global poverty, green investment and human behaviour. These impacts offer the opportunity for novel insight, particularly with the careful deployment of targeted data collection, coordinated model experiments and solution-oriented randomized controlled trials, during and after the pandemic. More... »

PAGES

470-481

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature Reviews Earth & Environment

    ISSUE

    9

    VOLUME

    1

    Author Affiliations

  • Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • School of Global Policy & Strategy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, Gif sur Yvette, France
  • Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
  • Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, NY, USA
  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
  • Institute for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
  • Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, NY, USA
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
  • Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
  • Division of Allergy, Immunology, & Rheumatology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • School of Biological Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
  • Department of Biogeochemical Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
  • Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland
  • School of the Environment, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA, USA
  • Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s43017-020-0079-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0079-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129711442


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