The impact of environmental factors on the evolution of brain size in carnivorans View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-09-21

AUTHORS

M. Michaud, S. L. D. Toussaint, E. Gilissen

ABSTRACT

The reasons why some animals have developed larger brains has long been a subject of debate. Yet, it remains unclear which selective pressures may favour the encephalization and how it may act during evolution at different taxonomic scales. Here we studied the patterns and tempo of brain evolution within the order Carnivora and present large-scale comparative analysis of the effect of ecological, environmental, social, and physiological variables on relative brain size in a sample of 174 extant carnivoran species. We found a complex pattern of brain size change between carnivoran families with differences in both the rate and diversity of encephalization. Our findings suggest that during carnivorans’ evolution, a trade-off have occurred between the cognitive advantages of acquiring a relatively large brain allowing to adapt to specific environments, and the metabolic costs of the brain which may constitute a disadvantage when facing the need to colonize new environments. More... »

PAGES

998

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-022-03748-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03748-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1151186665

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36130990


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