Mitochondrial surface coating with artificial lipid membrane improves the transfer efficacy View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-07-25

AUTHORS

Takafumi Nakano, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Ji-Hyun Park, Masayoshi Tanaka, Kazuhide Hayakawa

ABSTRACT

Extracellular mitochondria are present and act as non-cell-autonomous signals to support energetic homeostasis. While mitochondria allograft is a promising approach in rescuing neurons, glia, and vascular cells in CNS injury and disease, there are profound limitations in cellular uptake of mitochondria together with the efficacy. Here, we modified mitochondria by coating them with cationic DOTAP mixed with DOPE via a modified inverted emulsion method to improve mitochondrial transfer and efficacy. We initially optimized the method using control microbeads and liposomes followed by using mitochondria isolated from intact cerebral cortex of male adult C57BL/6J mice. After the coating process, FACS analysis indicated that approximately 86% of mitochondria were covered by DOTAP/DOPE membrane. Moreover, the artificial membrane-coated mitochondria (AM-mito) shifted the zeta-potential toward positive surface charge, confirming successful coating of isolated mitochondria. Mitochondrial proteins (TOM40, ATP5a, ACADM, HSP60, COX IV) and membrane potentials were well maintained in AM-mito. Importantly, the coating improved mitochondrial internalization and neuroprotection in cultured neurons. Furthermore, intravenous infusion of AM-mito immediately after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion amplified cerebroprotection in vivo. Collectively, these findings indicate that mitochondrial surface coating with artificial lipid membrane is feasible and may improve the therapeutic efficacy of mitochondria allograft. More... »

PAGES

745

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-022-03719-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03719-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149723932

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35879398


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