Social support correlates with glucocorticoid concentrations in wild African elephant orphans View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-14

AUTHORS

J. M. Parker, J. L. Brown, N. T. Hobbs, N. P. Boisseau, D. Letitiya, I. Douglas-Hamilton, G. Wittemyer

ABSTRACT

Social relationships have physiological impacts. Here, we investigate whether loss of the mother/offspring relationship has lasting effects on fecal glucocorticoid metabolite (fGCM) concentrations in wild African elephant orphans several years following their mothers’ deaths. We find no difference in fGCM concentrations between orphans and nonorphans, but find lower fGCM concentrations in elephants with more age mates in their family. We also unexpectedly identify lower concentrations in orphans without their natal family versus nonorphans and natal orphans, which we speculate may be due to the development of hypocortisolism following a prolonged period without familial support. An index of plant productivity (i.e. food) shows the largest correlation with fGCM concentrations. Our findings indicate no lasting differences in glucocorticoid concentrations of surviving orphan elephants who are with their family, suggest the presence of age mates may reduce glucocorticoid concentrations in elephants, and emphasize that basic survival needs are the primary regulators of the stress response. More... »

PAGES

630

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-022-03574-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03574-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149466151

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35835816


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191 schema:name Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, 102 Johnson Hall, 80523, Fort Collins, CO, USA
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194 grid-institutes:grid.4991.5 schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, Oxford University, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
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