Initial hydraulic failure followed by late-stage carbon starvation leads to drought-induced death in the tree Trema orientalis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Yuri Kono, Atsushi Ishida, Shin-Taro Saiki, Kenichi Yoshimura, Masako Dannoura, Kenichi Yazaki, Fuku Kimura, Jin Yoshimura, Shin-Ichi Aikawa

ABSTRACT

Drought-induced tree death has become a serious problem in global forest ecosystems. Two nonexclusive hypotheses, hydraulic failure and carbon starvation, have been proposed to explain tree die-offs. To clarify the mechanisms, we investigated the physiological processes of drought-induced tree death in saplings with contrasting Huber values (sapwood area/total leaf area). First, hydraulic failure and reduced respiration were found in the initial process of tree decline, and in the last stage carbon starvation led to tree death. The carbohydrate reserves at the stem bases, low in healthy trees, accumulated at the beginning of the declining process due to phloem transport failure, and then decreased just before dying. The concentrations of non-structural carbohydrates at the stem bases are a good indicator of tree damage. The physiological processes and carbon sink-source dynamics that occur during lethal drought provide important insights into the adaptive measures underlying forest die-offs under global warming conditions. More... »

PAGES

8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110955666

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30623104


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s42003-018-0256-7'


 

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295 9Marine Biosystems Research Center, Chiba University, Kamogawa, Chiba 299-5502 Japan.
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