Field-free switching of a perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction through the interplay of spin–orbit and spin-transfer torques View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-11

AUTHORS

Mengxing Wang, Wenlong Cai, Daoqian Zhu, Zhaohao Wang, Jimmy Kan, Zhengyang Zhao, Kaihua Cao, Zilu Wang, Youguang Zhang, Tianrui Zhang, Chando Park, Jian-Ping Wang, Albert Fert, Weisheng Zhao

ABSTRACT

Magnetization switching in magnetic tunnel junctions using spin-transfer torque and spin–orbit torque is key to the development of future spintronic memories. However, both switching mechanisms suffer from intrinsic limitations. In particular, the switching current in spin-transfer torque devices needs to be lowered, whereas an external magnetic field is required for spin–orbit torque devices to achieve deterministic switching in perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions. Here, we experimentally demonstrate field-free switching of three-terminal perpendicular-anisotropy magnetic tunnel junction devices through the interaction between spin–orbit and spin-transfer torques. We show that the threshold current density of spin–orbit torque switching can be reduced by increasing the spin-transfer torque current density, and thus an optimal point for low-power perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction switching can be found by tuning the two current densities. Furthermore, and due to this interplay, low-power switching in two-terminal perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions without an external magnetic field is also achieved. The interplay between spin–orbit and spin-transfer torques can be used to develop a low-power route to magnetization switching of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions without an external magnetic field. More... »

PAGES

582-588

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41928-018-0160-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41928-018-0160-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1108043209


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