Nitrogen-doping induces tunable magnetism in ReS2 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Qin Zhang, Zemian Ren, Nian Wu, Wenjie Wang, Yingjie Gao, Qiqi Zhang, Jing Shi, Lin Zhuang, Xiangnan Sun, Lei Fu

ABSTRACT

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are promising for spintronic devices owing to their spin-orbit coupling and loss of inversion symmetry. However, further development was obstructed by their intrinsic nonmagnetic property. Doping TMDs with non-metal light atoms has been predicted to be a good option to induce unexpected magnetic properties which remain rarely explored. Here, we utilize nitrogen doping to introduce magnetic domains into anisotropic ReS2, giving rise to a transition from nonmagnetic to tunable magnetic ordering. Both of the experimental and computational results confirmed that the N-doping in ReS2 prefers to take place at the edge site than in-plane site. With controlled doping concentration, it exhibits a unique ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic (FM-AFM) coupling. Assisted by theoretical calculations, we demonstrated that FM-AFM coupling presents a strong link to doping contents and doping sites. Wherein, the FM ordering mostly comes from N atoms and the AFM ordering originate from Re atoms. At the N-doping content of 4.24%, the saturated magnetization of N-doped ReS2 reached the largest value of 2.1 emu g−1 at 2 K. Further altering the content to 6.64%, the saturated magnetization of N-doped ReS2 decreases, but exhibits a distinct exchange bias (EB) phenomenon of around 200 Oe. With controlled N-doping concentrations, the intrinsic spin in ReS2 could be well altered and resulted in distinct magnetism, presenting tremendous potential for spintronic devices in information storage. A transition from non-magnetic to magnetic ordering can be induced in ReS2 by means of non-metal doping. At team led by Lei Fu at Wuhan University performed a combined experimental and computational investigation aimed at shedding light to the interplay between N doping and the onset of magnetic ordering in anisotropic ReS2. N doping was found to preferentially occur at the edge sites rather than within the plane, and a controlled doping concentration gave rise to a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic coupling. Notably, increasing the N content to 4.24 % resulted in a large value of saturated magnetization up to 2.1 emu g−1 at 2 K, and while a further increase to 6.64% led to the suppression of saturated magnetization, it resulted in the onset of an exchange bias of 200 Oe. More... »

PAGES

22

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41699-018-0068-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41699-018-0068-0

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105534092


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40 schema:description Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are promising for spintronic devices owing to their spin-orbit coupling and loss of inversion symmetry. However, further development was obstructed by their intrinsic nonmagnetic property. Doping TMDs with non-metal light atoms has been predicted to be a good option to induce unexpected magnetic properties which remain rarely explored. Here, we utilize nitrogen doping to introduce magnetic domains into anisotropic ReS2, giving rise to a transition from nonmagnetic to tunable magnetic ordering. Both of the experimental and computational results confirmed that the N-doping in ReS2 prefers to take place at the edge site than in-plane site. With controlled doping concentration, it exhibits a unique ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic (FM-AFM) coupling. Assisted by theoretical calculations, we demonstrated that FM-AFM coupling presents a strong link to doping contents and doping sites. Wherein, the FM ordering mostly comes from N atoms and the AFM ordering originate from Re atoms. At the N-doping content of 4.24%, the saturated magnetization of N-doped ReS2 reached the largest value of 2.1 emu g−1 at 2 K. Further altering the content to 6.64%, the saturated magnetization of N-doped ReS2 decreases, but exhibits a distinct exchange bias (EB) phenomenon of around 200 Oe. With controlled N-doping concentrations, the intrinsic spin in ReS2 could be well altered and resulted in distinct magnetism, presenting tremendous potential for spintronic devices in information storage. A transition from non-magnetic to magnetic ordering can be induced in ReS2 by means of non-metal doping. At team led by Lei Fu at Wuhan University performed a combined experimental and computational investigation aimed at shedding light to the interplay between N doping and the onset of magnetic ordering in anisotropic ReS2. N doping was found to preferentially occur at the edge sites rather than within the plane, and a controlled doping concentration gave rise to a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic coupling. Notably, increasing the N content to 4.24 % resulted in a large value of saturated magnetization up to 2.1 emu g−1 at 2 K, and while a further increase to 6.64% led to the suppression of saturated magnetization, it resulted in the onset of an exchange bias of 200 Oe.
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