Rapidly increasing ethanol concentrations in rainwater and air View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Joan D. Willey, G. Brooks Avery, J. David Felix, Robert J. Kieber, Ralph N. Mead, Megumi S. Shimizu

ABSTRACT

Rainwater and gas phase ethanol concentrations increased approximately fourfold between 2010 and 2017 in Wilmington, NC, USA. This 8-year study demonstrates that the gas phase and rainwater concentrations of ethanol have risen due to increased production and use of ethanol as a biofuel. Rainwater ethanol concentrations are close to equilibrium with local atmospheric gas phase concentrations and have increased in proportion to increased air concentrations. Ethanol emissions are important because they impact the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere due to the reactivity of the alcohol towards hydroxyl radical. Gas phase ethanol contributes to air pollution through oxidation to acetaldehyde, with subsequent production of ozone, and in high NOx regions production of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). However, combustion of ethanol can also lower emissions of acetaldehyde precursors such as alkenes, suggesting that the potential impact of ethanol combustion is complex. The large increase in the concentration of ethanol in both the gas and condensed phases indicates that existing sinks are not sufficient to remove the excess alcohol being added to the atmosphere from biofuel use. This suggests that the projected growth of ethanol as a biofuel will result in considerable increases in atmospheric concentrations within the next few years with direct ramifications on a host of fundamentally important atmospheric processes. Concentrations of ethanol have increased in both rain water and the atmosphere due to the use of ethanol biofuels. Biofuel use has doubled in the past decade as a means to reduce transport-related greenhouse gas emissions. However, the corresponding impact on ethanol sources and sinks remains largely unquantified. Joan Willey from the University of North Carolina Wilmington, and colleagues, investigate these changes using a unique record of rainwater and atmospheric ethanol concentrations from Wilmington, NC. From 2010 to 2017, atmospheric and rainwater ethanol concentrations have increased fourfold, suggesting current sinks are insufficient in removing ethanol at the rate at which it is being added, impacting air quality and other atmospheric processes. As ethanol concentrations are projected to increase further through the continued expansion of biofuels, more work is needed to fully examine their environmental impacts. More... »

PAGES

3

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111273951


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0399", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina Wilmington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Willey", 
        "givenName": "Joan D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012021123653.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012021123653.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina Wilmington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Avery", 
        "givenName": "G. Brooks", 
        "id": "sg:person.01337022560.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01337022560.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Texas A&M University \u2013 Corpus Christi", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264759.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physical and Environmental Science, Texas A & M University\u2014Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, 78412, Corpus Christi, TX, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Felix", 
        "givenName": "J. David", 
        "id": "sg:person.01356445003.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356445003.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina Wilmington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kieber", 
        "givenName": "Robert J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014120327771.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014120327771.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina Wilmington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mead", 
        "givenName": "Ralph N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0765710204.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0765710204.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina Wilmington", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shimizu", 
        "givenName": "Megumi S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011554664324.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011554664324.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00248-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001438286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.06.024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007676032"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-5361-2010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007707166"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02166.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012115438"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02166.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012115438"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b906057j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017922587"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b906057j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017922587"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jd090id02p03797", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018871023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac400974m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022514240"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00178-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023871616"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1991.tb02950.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028245122"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.11.038", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030258631"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.08.043", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033737489"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036226176"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036226176"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036226176"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.01.061", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039053882"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c5fd00190k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044200290"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-1085-2008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045085580"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-545-2012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046412501"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046708645"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2144", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049857837", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2144"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053288357"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr500549n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055420947"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es00174a005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055492096"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062085v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499835"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062085v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499835"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es202634s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055503584"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es202634s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055503584"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es404041v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506996"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es9006228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055516277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es9006228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055516277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gb005516", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083422944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.044", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085455811"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.044", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085455811"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.044", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085455811"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.09.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091428574"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10220", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092458563"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "Rainwater and gas phase ethanol concentrations increased approximately fourfold between 2010 and 2017 in Wilmington, NC, USA. This 8-year study demonstrates that the gas phase and rainwater concentrations of ethanol have risen due to increased production and use of ethanol as a biofuel. Rainwater ethanol concentrations are close to equilibrium with local atmospheric gas phase concentrations and have increased in proportion to increased air concentrations. Ethanol emissions are important because they impact the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere due to the reactivity of the alcohol towards hydroxyl radical. Gas phase ethanol contributes to air pollution through oxidation to acetaldehyde, with subsequent production of ozone, and in high NOx regions production of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). However, combustion of ethanol can also lower emissions of acetaldehyde precursors such as alkenes, suggesting that the potential impact of ethanol combustion is complex. The large increase in the concentration of ethanol in both the gas and condensed phases indicates that existing sinks are not sufficient to remove the excess alcohol being added to the atmosphere from biofuel use. This suggests that the projected growth of ethanol as a biofuel will result in considerable increases in atmospheric concentrations within the next few years with direct ramifications on a host of fundamentally important atmospheric processes. Concentrations of ethanol have increased in both rain water and the atmosphere due to the use of ethanol biofuels. Biofuel use has doubled in the past decade as a means to reduce transport-related greenhouse gas emissions. However, the corresponding impact on ethanol sources and sinks remains largely unquantified. Joan Willey from the University of North Carolina Wilmington, and colleagues, investigate these changes using a unique record of rainwater and atmospheric ethanol concentrations from Wilmington, NC. From 2010 to 2017, atmospheric and rainwater ethanol concentrations have increased fourfold, suggesting current sinks are insufficient in removing ethanol at the rate at which it is being added, impacting air quality and other atmospheric processes. As ethanol concentrations are projected to increase further through the continued expansion of biofuels, more work is needed to fully examine their environmental impacts.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3488528", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3852472", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3112678", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1290454", 
        "issn": [
          "2397-3722"
        ], 
        "name": "npj Climate and Atmospheric Science", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "2"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Rapidly increasing ethanol concentrations in rainwater and air", 
    "pagination": "3", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "fa78434f2080872565bf258a93a93f6a33ab047190a4a858631993da3a1194c4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111273951"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111273951"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:40", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000319_0000000319/records_11214_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41612-018-0059-z"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

192 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      56 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0399
3 schema:author N92280b8f17394d26a7bc71fe1b40f515
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2144
5 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gb005516
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10220
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.06.024
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.01.061
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.024
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.08.043
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.11.038
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.09.001
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.080
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.044
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00178-9
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00248-5
17 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac400974m
18 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr500549n
19 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00174a005
20 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062085v
21 https://doi.org/10.1021/es202634s
22 https://doi.org/10.1021/es404041v
23 https://doi.org/10.1021/es9006228
24 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052109
25 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd090id02p03797
26 https://doi.org/10.1039/b906057j
27 https://doi.org/10.1039/c5fd00190k
28 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02166.x
29 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1991.tb02950.x
30 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-5361-2010
31 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-545-2012
32 https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-1085-2008
33 schema:datePublished 2019-12
34 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
35 schema:description Rainwater and gas phase ethanol concentrations increased approximately fourfold between 2010 and 2017 in Wilmington, NC, USA. This 8-year study demonstrates that the gas phase and rainwater concentrations of ethanol have risen due to increased production and use of ethanol as a biofuel. Rainwater ethanol concentrations are close to equilibrium with local atmospheric gas phase concentrations and have increased in proportion to increased air concentrations. Ethanol emissions are important because they impact the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere due to the reactivity of the alcohol towards hydroxyl radical. Gas phase ethanol contributes to air pollution through oxidation to acetaldehyde, with subsequent production of ozone, and in high NOx regions production of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). However, combustion of ethanol can also lower emissions of acetaldehyde precursors such as alkenes, suggesting that the potential impact of ethanol combustion is complex. The large increase in the concentration of ethanol in both the gas and condensed phases indicates that existing sinks are not sufficient to remove the excess alcohol being added to the atmosphere from biofuel use. This suggests that the projected growth of ethanol as a biofuel will result in considerable increases in atmospheric concentrations within the next few years with direct ramifications on a host of fundamentally important atmospheric processes. Concentrations of ethanol have increased in both rain water and the atmosphere due to the use of ethanol biofuels. Biofuel use has doubled in the past decade as a means to reduce transport-related greenhouse gas emissions. However, the corresponding impact on ethanol sources and sinks remains largely unquantified. Joan Willey from the University of North Carolina Wilmington, and colleagues, investigate these changes using a unique record of rainwater and atmospheric ethanol concentrations from Wilmington, NC. From 2010 to 2017, atmospheric and rainwater ethanol concentrations have increased fourfold, suggesting current sinks are insufficient in removing ethanol at the rate at which it is being added, impacting air quality and other atmospheric processes. As ethanol concentrations are projected to increase further through the continued expansion of biofuels, more work is needed to fully examine their environmental impacts.
36 schema:genre research_article
37 schema:inLanguage en
38 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
39 schema:isPartOf N47fe7892d6274b11ac664edd1f6adc79
40 N9c4bd12fa6994518a735f74be755382b
41 sg:journal.1290454
42 schema:name Rapidly increasing ethanol concentrations in rainwater and air
43 schema:pagination 3
44 schema:productId N189fbf19c99d4692b06626467c821ae4
45 N707801e224f84ddb89a516cd6d1e8d72
46 Ne7a9c615080341b6b4937be087db833a
47 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111273951
48 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z
49 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:40
50 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
51 schema:sdPublisher Nc11685e470794d39bccc343182fa4830
52 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41612-018-0059-z
53 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
54 sgo:sdDataset articles
55 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
56 N189fbf19c99d4692b06626467c821ae4 schema:name doi
57 schema:value 10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z
58 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
59 N47fe7892d6274b11ac664edd1f6adc79 schema:volumeNumber 2
60 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
61 N707801e224f84ddb89a516cd6d1e8d72 schema:name readcube_id
62 schema:value fa78434f2080872565bf258a93a93f6a33ab047190a4a858631993da3a1194c4
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 N8999d9dd701e42c18490a33085b3bbe7 rdf:first sg:person.014120327771.20
65 rdf:rest N9181282ac8864c68b59c91dd903634c7
66 N9181282ac8864c68b59c91dd903634c7 rdf:first sg:person.0765710204.36
67 rdf:rest Ndee6768304c54fe58fb98aa60ff2fb67
68 N92280b8f17394d26a7bc71fe1b40f515 rdf:first sg:person.012021123653.83
69 rdf:rest Ne753c338627b4169b73e118b992260db
70 N9c4bd12fa6994518a735f74be755382b schema:issueNumber 1
71 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
72 Nc11685e470794d39bccc343182fa4830 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
73 rdf:type schema:Organization
74 Ndee6768304c54fe58fb98aa60ff2fb67 rdf:first sg:person.011554664324.86
75 rdf:rest rdf:nil
76 Ne753c338627b4169b73e118b992260db rdf:first sg:person.01337022560.54
77 rdf:rest Nf79f8d0c86d143fe8f6113ee1f427195
78 Ne7a9c615080341b6b4937be087db833a schema:name dimensions_id
79 schema:value pub.1111273951
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 Nf79f8d0c86d143fe8f6113ee1f427195 rdf:first sg:person.01356445003.61
82 rdf:rest N8999d9dd701e42c18490a33085b3bbe7
83 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
84 schema:name Chemical Sciences
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 anzsrc-for:0399 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
87 schema:name Other Chemical Sciences
88 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
89 sg:grant.3112678 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z
90 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
91 sg:grant.3488528 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z
92 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
93 sg:grant.3852472 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41612-018-0059-z
94 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
95 sg:journal.1290454 schema:issn 2397-3722
96 schema:name npj Climate and Atmospheric Science
97 rdf:type schema:Periodical
98 sg:person.011554664324.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b
99 schema:familyName Shimizu
100 schema:givenName Megumi S.
101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011554664324.86
102 rdf:type schema:Person
103 sg:person.012021123653.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b
104 schema:familyName Willey
105 schema:givenName Joan D.
106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012021123653.83
107 rdf:type schema:Person
108 sg:person.01337022560.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b
109 schema:familyName Avery
110 schema:givenName G. Brooks
111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01337022560.54
112 rdf:type schema:Person
113 sg:person.01356445003.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264759.b
114 schema:familyName Felix
115 schema:givenName J. David
116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356445003.61
117 rdf:type schema:Person
118 sg:person.014120327771.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b
119 schema:familyName Kieber
120 schema:givenName Robert J.
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014120327771.20
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 sg:person.0765710204.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b
124 schema:familyName Mead
125 schema:givenName Ralph N.
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0765710204.36
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049857837
129 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2144
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gb005516 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083422944
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092458563
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.06.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007676032
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.01.061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039053882
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046708645
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.08.043 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033737489
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.11.038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030258631
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.09.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091428574
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.080 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036226176
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.044 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085455811
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00178-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023871616
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1352-2310(01)00248-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001438286
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac400974m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022514240
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr500549n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055420947
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00174a005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055492096
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062085v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499835
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 https://doi.org/10.1021/es202634s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055503584
164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
165 https://doi.org/10.1021/es404041v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506996
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 https://doi.org/10.1021/es9006228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055516277
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053288357
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd090id02p03797 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018871023
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 https://doi.org/10.1039/b906057j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017922587
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 https://doi.org/10.1039/c5fd00190k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044200290
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02166.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012115438
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1991.tb02950.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028245122
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-5361-2010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007707166
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-545-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046412501
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-1085-2008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045085580
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.217197.b schema:alternateName University of North Carolina Wilmington
188 schema:name Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Road, 28403-3952, Wilmington, NC, USA
189 rdf:type schema:Organization
190 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264759.b schema:alternateName Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi
191 schema:name Department of Physical and Environmental Science, Texas A & M University—Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, 78412, Corpus Christi, TX, USA
192 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...